As of July 8, 2014, the demographic breakdown of welfare recipients was 38.8 percent Caucasian, 39.8 percent African American, 15.7 percent Hispanic, 2.5 percent Asian and 3.3 percent Other. There are 12.8 million Americans on welfare, which is equivalent to 4.1 percent of the U.S. population.Know More
Welfare began during the Great Depression of the 1930s when the number of families that were in need of food, clothing and housing became so great that the existing resources of local governments and private charities could not adequately help. At the start of the Great Depression in October 1929, there were already 18 million Americans struggling to survive. By 1933, an additional 13 million Americans had lost employment, and the head of the federal Children's Bureau reported that 20 percent of the nation's school children showed signs of poor nutrition, housing, and medical care.
On Aug. 18, 1935, President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act, which, in addition to establishing a federal retirement program for Americans over the age of 65, created a national welfare system. This new welfare system provided assistance to dependent children under the age of 16, the unemployed, the needy and the disabled. Significant changes were made to welfare in 1996 when President Bill Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, which provided some federal funding to states to assist the poor. States are expected to take steps to ensure welfare recipients are being encouraged to take steps to return to employment.Learn more about Social Services
Medicaid recipients in Ohio must be United States citizens or meet citizenship requirements, have a Social Security card, be residents of Ohio and meet certain financial criteria. The Ohio Department of Medicaid can be reached if recipients or potential recipients have specific questions.Full Answer >
To qualify for the Home Energy Assistance Program, recipients are required to show financial need for home energy costs. The amount of the benefit depends on an applicant's household income and family size.Full Answer >
Most states offer recipients of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program the ability to check the balances of their accounts online through portals established by the state. To access the card balance, the recipient must first register for an account. The list of states offering online account access is available through the official website for the United States Department of Agriculture.Full Answer >
To receive welfare, applicants are first required to fill out a form that can be obtained at state welfare offices. The filled form is returned to the welfare officer. The next step in the process involves an interview at the welfare office, at home or over the phone. A determination is then made after a certain period of time, usually 30 days.Full Answer >