The Constitutional Convention of 1787 met to rewrite the laws of the United States government as they were agreed upon under the Articles of Confederation. Drafted in 1777, the Articles of Confederation were the American people's first attempt at constructing a new federal government after breaking from Great Britain.
They failed because they gave the government too little authority and could not effectively bind the states together into one nation. Thus the delegates of the Constitutional Convention set about drafting a new plan which would give the government enough power to maintain order without unnecessary infringement upon the rights of the states. After long days and heated debates, Connecticut's representatives presented a system of two houses which would hold equal power. The members of one house would be elected based on state population, while the other would have two members for every state regardless of the state's size.Learn More
The 14th amendment of the U.S. Constitution extends citizenship and legal rights to all people, including former slaves. It also restricts political or military authority figures allied with the Confederacy from running for state and federal public offices and excuses the federal government from any liability for Confederate debts.Full Answer >
America's first Constitution was called the Articles of Confederation. The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation on November 15, 1777, although ratification of the Constitution by all 13 states did not take place until March 1, 1781.Full Answer >
Supreme Court cases involving the 13th Amendment include Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857), Jones v. Alfred H. Meyer & Co. (1968) and Memphis v. Greene (1981). The 13th Amendment concerns the abolition of slavery.Full Answer >
Article 1, Section 8, clause 18 of the United States Constitution gives Congress power to make any laws considered "necessary and proper" for the nation. According to Wikipedia, this clause, often called the "Necessary and Proper" or the "Elastic" clause, is sometimes accused of giving too much power to Congress.Full Answer >