The Constitutional Convention of 1787 met to rewrite the laws of the United States government as they were agreed upon under the Articles of Confederation. Drafted in 1777, the Articles of Confederation were the American people's first attempt at constructing a new federal government after breaking from Great Britain.
They failed because they gave the government too little authority and could not effectively bind the states together into one nation. Thus the delegates of the Constitutional Convention set about drafting a new plan which would give the government enough power to maintain order without unnecessary infringement upon the rights of the states. After long days and heated debates, Connecticut's representatives presented a system of two houses which would hold equal power. The members of one house would be elected based on state population, while the other would have two members for every state regardless of the state's size.