During the Red Scare of 1919, intensely patriotic Americans stirred fears that the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia could spread to the United States. Though the term "Red Scare" is often associated with the anti-communist fervor of the 1950s, this, the first such incident, occurred soon after World War I.Know More
The end of World War I in 1918 left millions out of work, causing widespread economic hardship. That hardship led to the growth of the Industrial Workers of the World (the "Wobblies") and Eugene Debs' Socialist Party. Both organizations had been opposed to U.S. involvement in the war, which put them at odds with conservatives. George Creel, who chaired the U.S. Committee on Public Information, called the groups "reds."
When 60,000 workers in Seattle launched a general strike in 1919, a public panic ensued. Critics labeled the workers as communists trying to start a revolution and called labor strikes anti-American. The hysteria grew when authorities across the country reported that they had foiled several anarchist bombing attempts. Due to the widespread fear, some citizens lost their civil liberties, and many were jailed for expressing certain political beliefs. This early Red Scare lasted only a few years, running out of steam in the early 1920s.Learn more about Types of Government
"The Crucible" is a fictionalized account of the famous Salem witch trials, which caused public mass hysteria leading to false accusations; conditions that also existed during the Red Scare, a period of American history in which the accusation of communist sympathy could lead to professional and personal destruction. The term "witch hunt" originated with the Salem witch trials, and this term can be applied to the Red Scare, also known as McCarthyism.Full Answer >
Some examples of the oligarchic system of government can be found in Russia following the fall of the Soviet Union when a group of private businessmen dominate both wealth and political power in the Russian government. In the Russian example, oligarchs are identified as business magnates perceived as close to the current form of government. As of 2014, 110 Russian billionaires account for 35 percent of the country's wealth.Full Answer >
As of 2014, Russia is a democracy with a very strong presidency. The Communist Party lost power and the country began holding democratic elections in 1991.Full Answer >
Dual federalism is when a national government and a state government operate individually, as was the case for the United States until the Great Depression. Dual federalism naturally limits the power of the national government as it gives states the ability to make their own decisions and question the rulings of the national government.Full Answer >