In response to what did Parliament pass the Intolerable Acts?
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Q:

In response to what did Parliament pass the Intolerable Acts?

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Quick Answer

Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts, also known as the Coercive Acts, in response to the Boston Tea Party. The Boston Tea Party was the colonists' answer to the Tea Act of 1773, which allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonists without having to pay the taxes that colonial tea merchants had to pay.

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Full Answer

On December 16, 1773, about 150 colonists dressed up as Mohawk Indians and dumped tea taken from the British East India Company's ships into the Boston Harbor. Upon learning the identity of the responsible parties, King George III and Parliament demanded that the colonists pay the company for the wasted tea, but the colonists refused. To punish the colonists for their actions, Parliament established the Intolerable Acts, which included the Quartering Act, the Boston Port Bill, the Administration of Justice Act, the Massachusetts Government Act and the Quebec Act.

The Quartering Act required the colonists to provide lodging and supplies to British troops. The Boston Port Bill closed Boston Harbor until the colonists paid for the tea dumped into the harbor. The Administration of Justice Act allowed British officials to be extradited back to England, even if they had committed capital crimes in the colonies. The Massachusetts Government Act allowed the British governor, not the colonists, to control the town meetings. Finally, the Quebec Act extended Canada's borders to encompass western lands already claimed by the colonists. In September of 1774, the colonists met in Philadelphia in the First Continental Congress to discuss what they would do in response to the Intolerable Acts.

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Related Questions

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    What was the purpose of the Coercive Acts?

    A:

    British Parliament implemented the Coercive Acts, known to the American colonists as the Intolerable Acts, to punish the residents of Boston for the Boston Tea Party and strengthen British control over Massachusetts. The British hoped to use strict martial law to isolate Boston and New England from the other colonies.

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    Who was involved in the Intolerable Acts?

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    The groups involved in the Intolerable Acts were the British Parliament and the American colonists. The Intolerable Acts, which were called the Coercive Acts in England, were put in place after the Boston Tea Party to try to force the Americans to submit to the government.

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    The Intolerable Acts, or Coercive Acts, drove the colonists to call the First Continental Congress in 1774 and band together to form a collective resistance against British oppression. The Intolerable Acts heavily targeted Massachusetts, and especially Boston, to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party uprising. Britain intended to alienate Massachusetts, but the other colonies openly showed their support by sending money and supplies to aid Boston.

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    What are the Townshend Revenue Acts of 1767?

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    The Townshend Revenue Acts of 1767 were five acts that raised taxes on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper and tea. Their purpose was to raise revenues for British administration of the American colonies.

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