Q:

What responsibilities does the Judicial Branch have in the United States government?

A:

Quick Answer

The Judicial Branch of the United States government, compromised of the Supreme Court and all lesser courts, is responsible for upholding and interpreting the mandates of the U.S. Constitution. Officials of the Judicial Branch determine whether or not laws and their application in specific circumstances follow the Constitution.

Know More
What responsibilities does the Judicial Branch have in the United States government?
Credit: Ari Helminen Flickr CC-BY-2.0

Full Answer

Article III of the Constitution establishes the Judicial Branch, but gives Congress the discretion to shape its composition and adapt rules to meet evolving needs. Congress also has the ability to create courts, which include district courts and appeals courts. Federal courts bear the responsibility of interpreting the law, determining whether a specific law conforms to the Constitution, and applying the law to specific cases, typically ones that are disputed. The Judicial Branch only intervenes in actual cases and controversies, rather than having the power to interpret laws in general if they are unattached to a specific case.

The highest court in the nation is the Supreme Court, and the justices remain in office until they die, resign or are impeached or convicted by Congress. Decisions made by a standing Supreme Court cannot be appealed to any higher authority. It has the final say on matters of federal law in the United States.

Learn more about Law

Related Questions

  • Q:

    How did the American court system develop?

    A:

    The American court system was established in accordance with Article III of the U.S. Constitution, which created the judicial branch of the United States government. The U.S. Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1789, establishing the Supreme Court and the circuit courts.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What does the judicial branch do?

    A:

    The judicial branch of the U.S. government is responsible for interpreting laws as well as determining the constitutionality of laws passed by Congress. It may also make determinations about the constitutionality of executive orders of the president.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the responsibilities of the executor of a will?

    A:

    The executor of a will is responsible for protecting the property of a deceased person until all of the taxes and debts have been paid, according to Nolo. The executor also transfers the remaining property to the beneficiaries named in the will.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the responsibilities of an executor of a will?

    A:

    The executor of a will is responsible for managing the deceased person's assets until the debts have been paid and funds dispersed according to the terms of the will, according to Nolo. In most cases, the executor must see a probate judge before funds can be dispersed.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore