The role of any national government is to protect the safety and well-being of its citizens and the sovereignty of the country's borders. National government is authorized to act based on a legal constitution, federal laws and accepted civil standards. All citizens benefit from agencies and programs created by national government.Know More
A national government based on Western legal standards has executive, legislative and judicial branches. Each branch operates based on criteria established by constitutional authority. Each branch works individually and collectively to establish and maintain laws for the country as a whole.
The executive branch is headed by an elected, or appointed, leader that oversees and manages the smooth operation of government. The executive branch is also responsible for maintaining diplomatic relations and the military.
The legislative branch is responsible for drafting, writing and passing laws that govern the entire nation. Individual legislatures are elected to represent states or territories within the national governmental framework. Legislation in the form of bills is drafted and debated by the legislative body. A bill becomes law only if a majority vote in favor of passage. Once a law is passed, it applies to the entire country.
The judicial branch is charged with interpreting and executing federal laws as they are written. Laws created by a national government often overrule laws created by more local governments.Learn more about Branches of Government
The role of a Consul is to protect the interests of his country's citizens who live abroad in the country in which he is stationed. He directs the Consulate, a diplomatic mission that provides a number of services and resources to citizens of the home country. Often, the Consulate is a subdivision of an embassy and shares its facilities.Full Answer >
The laws and government of King Hammurabi are arguably the most well documented and important concerning ancient Mesopotamia, and consisted of a ruling king whose role was to protect the citizens while appeasing the gods. Day-to-day affairs were handled by civil servants and scribes and the entire system could be described in today's terms as a centralized state. Mesopotamia is in fact credited with inventing government, law and bureaucracy.Full Answer >
John Locke believed that the purpose of the government was to help all people achieve equal natural rights, and that the government was obliged to protect and defend its citizens. Locke rejected the belief that some people were born to divinely rule over others simply because they belonged to a higher class. Locke firmly believed that even a monarchy should only reign with the consent of the people. His wayward, radical beliefs at the time made him a target for British monarchs that believed average citizens should stay in their place and out of government activities.Full Answer >
The role of the judicial branch in the United States government is that of fulfilling Article IIl of the U.S. Constitution, which invests power in the Supreme Court. Congress may also see fit to establish other inferior courts. Federal judges are judges for life or until retirement, unless there is an incident of impeachment.Full Answer >