In 1962, Baker v. Carr established that the federal courts had jurisdiction to intervene in voter redistricting. The plaintiff lived in Tennessee, which had not redrawn its legislative districts since 1901. The state was required to redistrict every 10 years according to population, and the lack of redistricting diluted the representation of citizens in urban areas.Know More
The chief question in Baker v. Carr was whether redistricting was a legal problem the courts could address proactively to correct abuses or a political problem. The state argued that it was a political issue, so the courts had no jurisdiction. The case proved one of the most exhausting in the Supreme Court's history, with the decision held over for re-argument because the court could not reach a majority decision. Justice Charles Evans Whittaker was so upset by the case, he finally recused himself from the decision, and the stress over the decision may have contributed to his early retirement from the Court.
The Baker decision forced not only Tennessee but many other states to redistrict in the 1960s, finally giving urban areas the representative weight their populations deserved. It also firmly established the concept of "one person, one vote," forcing states to ensure that districts were as evenly populated as possible.Learn more about Law
Complaints for unfair labor practices are filed with the National Labor Relations Board by completing a charge form and submitting it to the NLRB regional office that has jurisdiction, explains the National Labor Relations Board. Complainants receive assistance in filing charges from the information officer at their regional office.Full Answer >
Status code 61 has several different possible meanings depending on jurisdiction. According to The Oregonian newspaper, the police code signal 61 means “subject in custody” in the state of Oregon. However, the Official Ten-Code List of the Association of Public Communications Officers says that 10-61 means “isolate self for message.”Full Answer >
In criminal law, a detainer warrant is used to ensure transfer for a current inmate of one jurisdiction who has pending charges in another jurisdiction, according to USLegal. In real estate law, a detainer warrant is a civil court document used by landlords pursuing eviction proceedings, according to Landlord Guidance.Full Answer >
The ability to change court dates depends on the rules of the jurisdiction that the court is held in. Many times, a court date can be changed if one of the lawyers is unavailable or if there is some type of pending emergency with someone involved in the case.Full Answer >