The Supreme Court case McCulloch v. Maryland established that Congress had the power to establish a national bank and that a state (in this case, Maryland) did not have the power to tax branches of the federal government that are carrying out powers legal in the Constitution. Chief Justice Marshall wrote that the states did indeed have the power to levy taxes, but that the federal laws control the laws in the states, which cannot control the federal institutions.Know More
The background of this case began in 1816, when Congress issued a charter for the Second Bank of the United States. Two years later, the state of Maryland passed a law imposing taxes on the bank. The cashier in the Baltimore bank branch, James W. McCulloch, would not pay the tax, so the litigation began.
The Supreme Court decision in McCulloch v. Maryland was a unanimous 7-0 (the Supreme Court would grow to its current size of nine justices later). The legal foundation of the decision was Article I of the United States Constitution, Section 8, Clauses 1 and 18. The notion of the country operating a bank caused significant controversy throughout the early nineteenth century, leading President Andrew Jackson to lead a charge to "break the bank."Learn more about Law
In Gibbons v. Ogden in 1824, the Supreme Court ruled that under the Commerce Clause of Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution, Congress had the power to regulate commerce crossing state lines. According to PBS, this ruling included transportation and guarded against conflicting state legislation.Full Answer >
The Gibbons v. Ogden trial of 1824 was an important decision where the Supreme Court ruled that the Commerce Clause of the Constitution granted the Congress the power to regulate interstate commerce, including navigation of interstate seaways. The trial started when Thomas Gibbons, a steamboat owner, opposed the extensive fees required to navigate his steamboats in the waters of New Jersey and New York.Full Answer >
The Supreme Court case Gibbons v. Odgen is widely accepted as the first true instance of the power struggle between federal and state governments. When Marshall Court ruled in favor of Gibbons, it was concluded that the federal government holds more power than state governments regarding the issue of interstate commerce.Full Answer >
The New Georgia Encyclopedia explains that Worcester v. Georgia was a U.S. Supreme Court case held in 1832 that established that the Cherokee Indians inhabiting territory in Georgia had sovereign powers. The name "Worcester" belonged to a white missionary, Samuel Worcester, who became a close political advisor and legal advocate to the Cherokee Nation.Full Answer >