The House and the Senate both create legislation and vote on it. They are also filled by elected representatives. The House and the Senate also have investigatory powers.Know More
The Constitution originally stated that senators would be selected by legislatures in the states they represent. This was largely due to the authors' reluctance to make the United States too democratic. Changes that occur too quickly, they reasoned, can be counterproductive, and unelected senators serving lengthy terms could prevent bad legislation from passing.
Since the passage of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, senators have been directly elected by eligible citizens of the states they represent. Unlike members of the House, however, senators are elected to six-year terms instead of two-year terms. There are also two senators per state compared to a number of representatives based on the state's population, which gives smaller states comparatively more power. Senators have more oversight than their counterparts in the House; presidential appointees must be approved by the Senate before they can serve.
The fundamentals of both the House and the Senate, however, are similar. The meet at the same time, and they often work together when crafting legislation. While certain types of bills can only start in the House, most legislation can start in either body.Learn more about Branches of Government
As one half of the United States government's legislative branch, the chief responsibility of the House of Representatives is to pass federal laws. The House of Representatives comprises congressmen and congresswomen elected to represent and serve the interests of their particular district. These representatives are responsible for voting on as well as proposing, bills, resolutions and amendments.Full Answer >
The Speaker of the House is the representative who presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is also the head of the majority political party in the House and after the Vice President is the next in line to succeed the President.Full Answer >
There are 435 members in the House of Representatives, as prescribed by law since 1913. Commonly referred to as The House, it is one of two legislative bodies that make up the United States Congress, the other being the Senate.Full Answer >
In the House of Representatives, states are represented according to their populations, with each state guaranteed at least one representative. The total number of representatives is capped at 435 as of 2014, so states gain or lose representatives according to population shifts.Full Answer >