A single-issue party is a political party that argues and promotes legislation for a single issue. Green parties in various nations, for example, started off as parties focusing solely on the environment.Know More
Single-issue parties are rare in the United States. This is largely due to the two-party system that dominates. Historically, third parties either lose power in a short period of time or replace another party. Single-issue interest groups, such as the National Rifle Association, yield significant influence over political parties, and their support can provide a significant boost to a candidate or entire party.
In countries with parliamentary systems, single-issue parties are more influential. Because power is divided into coalitions of multiple parties, voters are more likely to vote for single-party candidates. No elected politician is able to focus exclusively on a single issue, however. Politicians must vote on a broad range of issues, and single-issue party politicians generally vote with the parties with which they are aligned.
Over time, single-issue parties often adopt a wider range of issues to target. Green parties, for example, tend to focus on liberal and social causes when their power increases. Likewise, parties focusing on gun rights are likely to focus on conservative or libertarian ideals over time.Learn more about Political Parties
Single-issue political parties form in response to a particular problem that their members want to change in society. One early example in American history was the American Party, also called the Know-Nothing Party, which sought an end to immigration into the United States during the 1850s.Full Answer >
Single-issue interest groups are advocacy groups comprised of members who are passionate about one particular issue. Oftentimes, these groups come together to lobby against specific government legislation, and they work together in an effort to get others to support their cause.Full Answer >
A party realignment is when a political party realigns itself to new principles, and usually occurs after a major event that may alter the party's existing principles. An example of party realignment was seen in President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal.Full Answer >
A party platform is a set of guidelines that outline the policies and beliefs that a party seeks to implement. The platform is typically written by the leadership of the party that is made up of policy experts, committee heads and directors.Full Answer >