The number of representatives each state has is determined by the state's population. Larger states usually have more people and so they often have more representatives. However, the United States Constitution guarantees that each state will have at least one representative.
Congress is made up of two branches: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Every state has two senators. Senators represent their states as a whole while Representatives vote based on specific districts. When a bill is proposed, it must be approved in both branches to become a law. Each congressional seat comes up for election every 2 years.
The U.S. government takes a census of its population every 10 years. The results from this census helps determine the number of representatives each state receives. After determining how many representatives each state gets, the states then create districts. States are supposed to create districts that evenly divide their population. In 2014, there were 435 representatives total with California having the most at 53. Other states with larger numbers of representatives include Texas with 36, and Florida and New York with 27. States with smaller numbers of representatives include South Dakota, North Dakota, Vermont, Delaware, Wyoming, Alaska and Montana with one representative each. Idaho and Rhode Island have two representatives while Nevada, Utah, Nebraska, West Virginia and New Mexico have three.Learn More
Majoritarian politics occurs when the majority of the population is in charge of making key political decisions and does not seek the opinions of the minority. Majoritarian politics is often criticized for not being inclusive of ethnic and religious minorities.Full Answer >
Robert Wilde explains on About.com that a monarchy works by investing complete sovereignty in one person, called the monarch, who is the head of state. A monarch holds this position until death or abdication.Full Answer >
Although both federal and confederate governments are multilateral systems of government that entail a central government as well as smaller state or municipal governments, a federal system assigns more power to the central government, whereas a confederate system reserves most of the power for the states. In a confederation, the central government has no power to tax the people or enforce laws.Full Answer >
An example of popular sovereignty occurred in the 1850s, when Senators Lewis Cass and Stephen Douglas proposed popular sovereignty as a compromise to settle the question of slavery by allowing the people of each state to vote on whether to allow it. Douglas hoped that allowing the people to decide directly would ease national tensions over slavery, but the result was that both sides came to blows over the question.Full Answer >