The 14th amendment of the U.S. Constitution extends citizenship and legal rights to all people, including former slaves. It also restricts political or military authority figures allied with the Confederacy from running for state and federal public offices and excuses the federal government from any liability for Confederate debts.
The first two sections of the 14th amendment revoke the existing practice of counting each slave as three-fifths of a person when calculating a state's representation in Congress. To discourage states from denying rights to African Americans, the law states that Congressional representation would be reduced in proportion to the number of male citizens prohibited from voting. As retribution for the Confederacy's rebellious acts, barred officials could only regain the right to run for office if a two-thirds majority in both Congressional houses voted in their favor.Learn More
The 14th Amendment was passed by a 33 to 11 margin by the Senate on June 8, 1866, and the House of Representatives passed it on June 13, 1866, by a margin of 120 to 32. The amendment was ratified over two years later on July 9, 1868.Full Answer >
The 15th amendment provides individuals with the right to vote regardless of race, color or previous servitude. It was ratified on Feb. 3, 1870. However, the imposing of methods to deter voting among African American men affected the ability of many to be able to vote for several decades after the bill was signed into law.Full Answer >
The 25th Amendment outlines the rules of succession to the U.S. Presidency and Vice Presidency in the event of either or both of them dying, withdrawing or being removed from office. It was certified on February 23, 1967, by President Lyndon Johnson.Full Answer >
The 14th Amendment granted citizenship and legal protection to freed slaves to prevent southern state governments from violating their civil rights. Placing the legal rights of blacks under federal jurisdiction challenged southern states that had previously enacted harsh policies with impunity.Full Answer >