The Virginia Declaration of Rights enumerates several universal rights that should serve as the foundation of government. Constitution.org states that the Virginia Declaration of Rights exerted influence on famous subsequent documents like the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Bill of Rights and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.Know More
According to Constitution.org, the Virginia Declaration of rights serves to assert man's inherent liberties and limit the power of government.
The first three articles define the relationship between government and the people. All men are created free and are entitled to such rights as life, safety and the pursuit of happiness. The people are the source of all political power and government officials are public stewards accountable to the body of citizens.
Article 4 declares that all men are equal. It dismisses traditions like inherited titles of nobility. Articles 5 and 6 lay out the principle of separation of powers. The legislative and executive powers should be held by one entity and the judicial power by another. Moreover, no citizen may be unjustly deprived of property or denied suffrage.
Articles 7 to 16 place limits on the power of government. They censure actions like baseless searches and seizures, self-incrimination, and cruel and unusual punishment. They guarantee citizens many civil rights, including the right to trial by jury, freedom of the press and freedom of religion.Learn more about The Constitution
The 14th amendment of the U.S. Constitution extends citizenship and legal rights to all people, including former slaves. It also restricts political or military authority figures allied with the Confederacy from running for state and federal public offices and excuses the federal government from any liability for Confederate debts.Full Answer >
The 15th amendment provides individuals with the right to vote regardless of race, color or previous servitude. It was ratified on Feb. 3, 1870. However, the imposing of methods to deter voting among African American men affected the ability of many to be able to vote for several decades after the bill was signed into law.Full Answer >
The 25th Amendment outlines the rules of succession to the U.S. Presidency and Vice Presidency in the event of either or both of them dying, withdrawing or being removed from office. It was certified on February 23, 1967, by President Lyndon Johnson.Full Answer >
One power granted to the federal government is the ability to declare war. The power to declare war is granted to the national government through the Constitution. The Constitution affords the national government the right to declare war along with several other duties and reserves some rights to state governments as well.Full Answer >