The supreme law of the land refers to the U.S. Constitution and any federal laws and treaties based upon it. In short, it means that constitutional or federal law is upheld over state law.
The "supreme law of the land" is noted in the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution, which is found in Article VI, Clause 2. It means that federal law overrides individual state's laws if a conflict in statute occurs. It also requires state judges to uphold federal law over state law thereby making it the supreme law of the land. The Supreme Court interprets and upholds constitutional law.Learn More
Federal courts hear cases that require uniform application of federal law, such as cases involving constitutional issues, copyrights, patents and bankruptcy. This also includes federal statutes such as federal civil rights laws. Federal courts decide some cases arising between parties from different states.Full Answer >
As stated by BusinessDictionary.com, a separate legal entity is a business that is given its own individual legal status. This is usually done by forming a limited liability company or a corporation so that the company's actions may be legally declared as separate from those of an individual person, the company's shareholders or another company.Full Answer >
There are several strategies to help curtail political corruption, including engaging the media in covering high-profile corruption cases, changing public attitudes and establishing organizations to study and solve corruption at all levels of government. Government corruption occurs at all levels, including municipal, state and federal. In some areas, governments are more corrupt than others.Full Answer >
According to the Baltimore Sun, factual guilt concerns whether or not someone committed a crime as a matter of historical, factual record, while legal guilt is entirely dependent on the decision of the jury. The Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School states that reasonable doubt is any doubt that is sufficient for a jury to acquit a defendant on grounds of insufficient evidence.Full Answer >