The three branches of government are the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. The executive branch enforces laws. The legislative branch creates laws. The judicial branch interprets and reviews laws.Know More
The executive branch consists of the president, the vice president and the Cabinet. The president is elected by U.S. citizens every four years and can serve up to two terms. The vice president is elected with the president; however, he can serve an unlimited number of terms. The president nominates potential Cabinet members, who are approved with at least 51 votes by the Senate.
The legislative branch, also known as Congress, consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Members of both are voted in by U.S. citizens. As of 2014, the Senate has 100 senators, two per state, who can serve an unlimited number of six-year terms. The House of Representatives has 435 members, with each state's number of representatives based on its population, who serve an unlimited number of two-year terms.
The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court and the other federal courts. The U.S. federal government has checks and balances to balance the power between each branch, such as the president's power to veto laws Congress passes, Congress' power to remove the president from office under certain circumstances as well as confirming or rejecting his appointments, and the Supreme Court's power to overturn laws it deems unconstitutional.Learn more about Branches of Government
A presidential system of government is a government in which a president leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch. The United States is a good example of a presidential system of government.Full Answer >
In the United States, federal judges are appointed by the executive branch of the government. A president's judicial appointments can influence the course of politics in the U.S. long after the administration has left office. The president can appoint judges, all with life-long terms, to the U.S. Supreme Court and to the federal appellate and district courts across the nation.Full Answer >
The head of the executive branch in all 50 states and five commonwealths of the United States is known as a governor. The range of powers that each governor exerts over her state varies, depending on the distribution of power in the constitution of that particular state.Full Answer >
The three levels of government are local, state and federal. Local governments govern counties, cities and towns. State governments rule over states, and the federal government rules the country as a whole.Full Answer >