Once a bill is approved in Congress, the president has the option to sign it, veto it or make no action to acknowledge it. The president's signature is the final step to enact a law, but he must complete the process within 10 days, excluding Sundays. An official override, or veto, allows the president to reject a bill, sending it back to Congress for reconsideration.Know More
A vetoed bill is returned to the Senate or House of Representatives, depending on which chamber it originated from. Congressional chambers have the power to override a presidential veto by holding an internal vote and obtaining a two-thirds majority. If the veto is overridden in one chamber, it must also be overturned with a two-thirds majority vote by members of the opposite chamber. As of 2014, only 109 vetoes have been overridden.
When the president takes no action on a bill, the unsigned legislation is enacted into law as long as Congress is still in session. If Congress has adjourned, and the 10-day grace period has passed, the bill is automatically overridden in a passive process known as a pocket veto. Past disputes about the conditions of adjournment have resulted in court rulings restricting the president to issuing pocket vetoes only when Congressional sessions are suspended without a specified future date. As of 2014, Franklin D. Roosevelt exercised his vetoing power more than any other president, overriding a total of 635 bills and facing only 9 Congressional overrides.Learn More
The term "statutory body" is defined as an organization given the authority to check the activities of a business or organization to ensure such groups follow the law. Cambridge Dictionaries states a statutory body is created by a parliament to regulate industries, groups of experts and governmental agencies.Full Answer >
Marbury v. Madison was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Supreme Court formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review under the Constitution. The 1803 case defined the boundary between the executive and judicial branches of government.Full Answer >
The primary check the president has on Congress is the ability to veto legislation. The president can also choose to implement legislation in a manner Congress did not intend. Executive orders also give the president significant power.Full Answer >
A vacancy in the office of the Vice President of the United States is filled with a Presidential nomination that is confirmed by a majority vote from the House of Representatives and the Senate. This process applies whether the Vice President resigns or has to take over as President, leaving his former office vacant.Full Answer >