The traditional democratic theory emphasizes the values of liberty, equality and justice in any system of governance. It promotes the rule of majority, while protecting minority rights and maintaining the readiness to compromise. The traditional democratic rule recognizes everyone’s worth and dignity.
The theory provides for everyone’s participation in government either by direct or representative vote. The people have the final say over public policy in a direct vote, which is more effective on a small scale, such as in a town conference. In a representative vote, sections of the public elect officials to serve in government on their behalf. Such a system is employed at the state and national levels to formulate public policy. Rule via voting works best when voters are given equal access to information.
Democratic systems replaced absolute rule by monarchs and emperors, which undermined personal freedoms despite bringing law and order. However, democracy calls for a balance between freedom and order, because absolute freedom can lead to inequality, especially where the stronger and more ambitious in the society are free to acquire more wealth and dominance at the expense of the weaker ones. Still, the more hardworking people should not be constrained from striving for economic success, such as via extreme taxation.Learn More
Countries that actually refer to themselves in some way as social democracies or democratic socialist nations in their respective constitutions include Bangladesh, India, North Korea, Portugal, Sri Lanka and Tanzania. Noticeably absent from the list are European nations that are traditionally considered the models of democratic socialist countries. This may be because democratic socialism is more of an ideal than a specific practice.Full Answer >
Authoritarian governments exercise unlimited power, while democratic governments are run by the will of the people and feature regular elections. Some governments have traits of both styles.Full Answer >
Many countries have democratic governments under different constitutional forms. France, Germany, India, Ireland and Italy are constitutional republics, while Japan, Spain, the Netherlands, Canada and the United Kingdom are constitutional monarchies. The United States, Argentina, Brazil and Mexico have presidential systems. France has a semi-presidential system, whereas Australia, Canada, India, Pakistan, Italy, New Zealand, Poland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom have parliamentary systems.Full Answer >
A constitutional democratic republic is a type of government based on the principles of a constitution in which officials elected by the people represent the people in the legislative and governing processes. A constitutional republic is not a direct democracy in that a mere plurality of the voters does not get to control the processes of the government directly.Full Answer >