The Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy was formed to protect the member nations by promising military support in the event of attack by other great powers. Initiated by Otto von Bismarck, it was first formed in 1882 and periodically renewed until the outbreak of World War I in 1914.Know More
In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary, already bound by ethnic ties, formed an alliance, mainly to defend themselves against Russia. In 1881, the French occupied Tunisia, which the Italians also coveted. This prompted Italy to join the alliance in 1882 to protect itself against France, which the other members of the alliance already considered a threat. Under the terms of the agreement, if either Germany or Italy were attacked by France, the other members would come to their aid, and if Germany or Austria-Hungary were attacked by Russia, Italy remained neutral. Despite the mutual accord, the countries continued to squabble over Italy's North African colonial ambitions and Austria-Hungary's territorial desires in the Balkans.
In 1902, unsure of the integrity of the other members of the alliance, Italy made a secret agreement with France that if Germany or Austria-Hungary attacked either country, the other would remain neutral. This effectively ended the Triple Alliance, though Italy ostensibly continued to renew the agreement, first in 1907 and again in 1912. In 1914, confident of German support, Austria-Hungary attacked Serbia and began World War I. In 1915, after extended secret negotiations, Italy entered the First World War on the side of the Allies, the alliance of nations opposing Germany and Austria-Hungary.Learn more about International Orgs
The United Nations was created to ensure that governments of major countries around the world would continue to actively fight against the axis powers in World War Two. The United Nations was formally revealedÂ after the president of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt, declared it on January 1st, 1942.Full Answer >
The eight countries making up the G8 were the United States, Great Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Italy and Russia. In March 2014, the other members of the G8 dismissed Russia from membership due to what they termed an "illegal attempt" on the part of Russia to annex Crimea.Full Answer >
Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and Netherlands originally formed the European Union. In 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined. By 1995, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Portugal, Spain and Greece had become members. Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania have joined since 2003.Full Answer >
Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy made up the Triple Alliance in 1882. The alliance was an agreement that the countries would defend each other if threatened by France or Russia. The agreement was renewed every five years.Full Answer >