The two houses of Congress are called the House of Representatives and the Senate. Together, they form the legislative branch of the United States government.
The House of Representatives
In the House of Representatives, the number of representatives per state is determined by the state's population. Larger states have more representatives than smaller states, but representatives are elected by a smaller portion of the state than senators. Representatives are elected for 2-year terms, and members of the House focus more on taxes and revenue. The majority party in the House of Representatives is usually highly favored.
Every state has two senators, so all states are equally represented in the Senate. However, senators represent much larger portions of their states than representatives. Once elected, senators serve 6-year terms. The focus in the Senate is on foreign and national policy.Learn More
Anyone wishing to find his congressman should visit the Find Your Representative page at the official U.S. House of Representatives website. Enter the zip code, and the matching congressman's website and contact page will be displayed.Full Answer >
The United States Congress shares foreign relations power with the president. The legislative and the executive branches both play important and different roles in initiating and changing foreign policy.Full Answer >
A chief legislator most often refers to the president of the United States, who has the authority to influence members of Congress to make laws through veto power, signing a bill, speaking directly to Congress and meeting with individual members of the legislative body. Article II, Section 3 of the Constitution of the United States gives the president the authority to "recommend... such measures as... necessary and expedient."Full Answer >
Members of Congress are not exempt from being required to purchase personal health insurance under the terms of the Affordable Care Act, sometimes known colloquially as "Obamacare." However, members of Congress receive a special subsidy that makes their terms more favorable than those of most federal employees and private citizens who make a comparable income.Full Answer >