Q:

What are the two houses of Congress called?

A:

The two houses of Congress are called the House of Representatives and the Senate. Together, they form the legislative branch of the United States government.

Know More

Full Answer

The House of Representatives

In the House of Representatives, the number of representatives per state is determined by the state's population. Larger states have more representatives than smaller states, but representatives are elected by a smaller portion of the state than senators. Representatives are elected for 2-year terms, and members of the House focus more on taxes and revenue. The majority party in the House of Representatives is usually highly favored.

The Senate

Every state has two senators, so all states are equally represented in the Senate. However, senators represent much larger portions of their states than representatives. Once elected, senators serve 6-year terms. The focus in the Senate is on foreign and national policy.

Learn more in Branches of Government

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Which of the two houses impeaches?

    A:

    In the United States, presidential impeachment is decided by a majority vote in the House of Representatives. Impeachment shows that the House of Representatives believes that the president has committed a crime.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the two parts of Congress?

    A:

    The House of Representatives and the Senate are the two parts of the United States Congress. The Capitol in Washington, D.C. houses both of these bodies. Members of both are selected through the process of direct election. While most members of both houses come from the Republican or Democratic Party, a handful of members serve as independents or members of third parties.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What two houses make up Congress?

    A:

    The United States Congress is a bicameral body that represents the legislative branch of government; the congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has 100 seats that are filled by elected representatives, known as Senators, from each of the 50 states with each state is allotted two Senate seats regardless of size, and Senators serve 6-year terms. The House of Representatives has 435 seats that are distributed among the 50 states according to population and filled by elected representatives, known as Representatives, who serve 2-year terms.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why does the United States have two houses of Congress?

    A:

    Bicameralism of the United States Congress is in accordance with the basic principle of the government contained in the Constitution, that the government must be separated into two equal powers to prevent tyranny. The two-chamber design of the Congress is a portrayal of the principle.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore