The House of Representatives and the Senate are the two parts of the United States Congress. The Capitol in Washington, D.C. houses both of these bodies. Members of both are selected through the process of direct election. While most members of both houses come from the Republican or Democratic Party, a handful of members serve as independents or members of third parties.Know More
Article I from the U.S. Constitution centers the legislative powers of the government in the Congress. No law can be enacted without both chambers consenting, although each house has several unique powers. For example, the Senate confirms presidential appointments and ratifies treaty agreements, while the House is the source of any bills to raise revenue. In the event of impeachment, the House has to initiate the case, and the Senate tries it. Two-thirds of the Senate must vote to convict an impeached person, removing him or her from office.
The number of seats that each state has in the House varies with the relative population of the states. Over the last couple of decades, much of the voting power has headed west and south. While the House gives people local representatives in the federal government, the Senate gives people of each state at-large representatives in the federal government.Learn more about Branches of Government
The United States Congress must meet at least once every year, according to Article I, Section 4 of the Constitution. The article states that the meeting should occur on the first Monday in December. The ratification of Amendment 20 on January 23, 1933 changed the date of the first meeting to noon on January 3.Full Answer >
The seniority rule refers to a custom in the United States Congress that grants committee chairmanship to a majority party member who has served on the committee for the longest amount of time. Service time on the committee must be unbroken for the seniority rule to be applied.Full Answer >
American citizens that are registered voters directly elect the United States Congress. Congressional elections, referred to as mid-term elections, are held once every 2 years through a U.S. President's term of office.Full Answer >
While senators are elected to serve terms of 6 years, members of the House of Representatives are elected to serve terms of only 2 years. There are no limits to how many terms to which members of Congress may be elected.Full Answer >