Most countries in Europe, including the United Kingdom, Ireland, Netherlands, Austria and Germany, are parliamentary democracies. With more than 50 countries in the continent, Europe does not have one form of government. However, the only dictatorship in Europe currently is Belarus.Know More
Russia and France have a semi-presidential form of government. Whereas most countries are representative republics, these governments tend to act as democratic socialism in proxy. Most governments in this continent are republics, meaning that elected individuals govern the land. The government of France is a typical example of this.
There are some other countries, which are federal republics like Germany. A federal republic represents a union of states or related entities. In this arrangement, governmental powers are divided among the federal governments and the states. The federal government of Germany is very similar to parliamentary democracy.
The United Kingdom is an example of a constitutional monarchy. In this form of government, the monarch heads the government. However, he or she does not have any real powers. Political power is vested in the prime minister, the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The legislative assembly also carries out legislation, similar to a democratic state. These are the main forms of government that are currently in operation in most European countries.Learn more about Types of Government
As of 2014, there are 48 countries within Europe when qualifying the United Kingdom as a single entity. If the countries that comprise the United Kingdom are counted separately, there are 51 countries in Europe.Full Answer >
The United Kingdom, Israel, New Zealand and Saudi Arabia are among countries that have uncodified constitutions as of October 2014, which means that laws are written in these countries, but they are not necessarily defined by an overriding document. The UK's legal system is run by Parliament. Saudi Arabia bases its laws on the Holy Qu'ran. Israel has Basic Laws, whereas New Zealand's founding document is the Treaty of Waitangi.Full Answer >
Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom are some of the countries that utilize representative democracies either wholly or in part. A representative democracy is a system of government in which representatives are elected to serve terms in office as representatives of their constituents.Full Answer >
As of 2014, there are no countries that have pure socialism, which is actually an economic system and not a form of government. The former Soviet Union is the best example of true socialism, while China, North Korea and Cuba are the three modern countries with the most socialist economies.Full Answer >