Most countries in Europe, including the United Kingdom, Ireland, Netherlands, Austria and Germany, are parliamentary democracies. With more than 50 countries in the continent, Europe does not have one form of government. However, the only dictatorship in Europe currently is Belarus.
Russia and France have a semi-presidential form of government. Whereas most countries are representative republics, these governments tend to act as democratic socialism in proxy. Most governments in this continent are republics, meaning that elected individuals govern the land. The government of France is a typical example of this.
There are some other countries, which are federal republics like Germany. A federal republic represents a union of states or related entities. In this arrangement, governmental powers are divided among the federal governments and the states. The federal government of Germany is very similar to parliamentary democracy.
The United Kingdom is an example of a constitutional monarchy. In this form of government, the monarch heads the government. However, he or she does not have any real powers. Political power is vested in the prime minister, the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The legislative assembly also carries out legislation, similar to a democratic state. These are the main forms of government that are currently in operation in most European countries.Learn More
As of 2014, countries with a sovereign monarchy are the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, Luxembourg, Belgium, Brunei, Bahrain, Liechtenstein, Andorra, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Saudi Arabia, Monaco, Oman, Qatar, Bhutan, Swaziland, Thailand, Cambodia, Japan, Malaysia, Tonga, the United Arab Emirates, Morocco and Vatican City. Most of the monarchies are hereditary, which means they are passed down from one family member to another, usually father to son.Full Answer >
The United Kingdom, Israel, New Zealand and Saudi Arabia are among countries that have uncodified constitutions as of October 2014, which means that laws are written in these countries, but they are not necessarily defined by an overriding document. The UK's legal system is run by Parliament. Saudi Arabia bases its laws on the Holy Qu'ran. Israel has Basic Laws, whereas New Zealand's founding document is the Treaty of Waitangi.Full Answer >
As of 2015, the countries that are ruled by a king or a queen include the United Kingdom, which is ruled by Queen Elizabeth II. Other countries are Denmark ruled by Queen Margrethe II, Norway ruled by King Harald V and Sweden ruled by King Carl XVI Gustav.Full Answer >
Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom are some of the countries that utilize representative democracies either wholly or in part. A representative democracy is a system of government in which representatives are elected to serve terms in office as representatives of their constituents.Full Answer >