Germany's government is a federal republic. Power is divided between states, and voters have ultimate control of political issues. The central government has limited power.Know More
Germany's constitution, The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, officially took effect on May 23, 1949, years after the end of World War II. The constitution protects citizens' individual liberties and maintains a division of power.
As of 2014, political heads include President Joaquim Gauck and Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel. The Federal Chancellor has central executive authority, with the power to choose members of the Federal Cabinet and authorize all political policies. The President maintains a more ceremonial role in politics.Learn more in Types of Government
Since 1949, the Chinese government has been a one-party communist system. This means that it theoretically strives for a state in which all citizens are equal in class and economic conditions.Full Answer >
South Africa is governed by a constitutional democracy, where the nation, the different provinces and the local areas have their own legislative and executive authority. The constitutions that govern these different spheres are said to be "distinction, interdependent, and interrelated," according to the the government. South Africa also has an autonomous judiciary system.Full Answer >
Portugal's form of government is a republic, which means the country is managed by citizens and their elected officials, with an elected president at the head. Portugal existed as a monarchy for 800 years, but in 1910 it was overthrown. The last monarch, King Manuel II, was exiled to England. In 1911, the first Republic constitution was established.Full Answer >
Afghanistan is ruled by an Islamic republic. As of 2014, Afghanistan's leader was Chief Executive Hamid Karzai. The last election took place in 2010.Full Answer >