In 1991, after the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics' dissolution, Russia began transitioning to self rule as the Russian Federation. The new government adopted its constitution on Dec. 12, 1993. However, the exact distribution of authority among local leaders, regional leaders and the central government continues to evolve.Know More
The Russian Federation encompasses executive, legislative and judicial branches of government. The president, or Russian chief of state, represents the executive branch. Voters elect the president to a four-year term. The position is one of significant power, with the legislative branch subordinate to it. The president serves as commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces and head of the Russian Security Council. No vice president exists. However, if the president is unable to perform his duties, the premier takes his place.
Russia's legislative branch is its Federal Assembly, which consists of a 178-seat Federation Council and 450-seat State Duma representing the 21 Russian Republics and 66 independent regions and territories.
The nation's judicial system arbitrates any disputes that arise between the legislative and executive branches as well as those between regional and local governments and Moscow. However, the court is not allowed to examine cases based on its own initiative.
A number of political parties are active in Russia.Learn more about Types of Government
Guadeloupe, a region of France, has a Republic form of government. Like the United States, the government has three main branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.Full Answer >
India is a Federal Republic, which means it has one national government that exists independently over several other smaller state governments. The government is divided into three distinct arms, which are the executive, legislature and judiciary.Full Answer >
France has a semi-presidential system of government. It is jointly headed by a president and a prime minister.Full Answer >
The Republic of Korea is a democratic republic that operates with three principal branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The country has experienced a number of transitions in government structure since Korea was divided into two occupations zones in 1945. At that time, the USSR occupied the northern portion of the country and the United States the southern portion.Full Answer >