As the largest democracy in the world, one of the most unique features of India's political system is its imperative to reconcile the needs and demands of the country's many and radically different ethnic, religious and linguistic groups. Another unique feature of Indian democracy is its internal lack of equality. Specifically, Indian society is rooted in a culture where caste and gender dictate rights and treatment, a fact which seems to fundamentally undermine the tenets of traditional democracy.Know More
The sheer diversity of the Indian population, which accounts for a sixth of all humanity, would seem to make it incapable of sustaining a coherent democracy. Such differences would be an obstacle to shared identity, fellow feeling and therefore consensus decision making, as observed by John Stuart Mill. However, in spite of its internal differences, India has a broadly defined national identity that inspires similar levels of nationalism among diverse sectors of the population. Scholars attribute this to citizens being able to maintain two or three identities at once, including separate but co-existing loyalties to their ethnicity, state and nation.
Another feature of Indian democracy that defies conventional understanding is the country's extremely low income per capita. Usually, when democracy is established in low income nations, they do not last. India's, however, has survived since 1947.Learn more about Types of Government
Totalitarianism is a form of government where the state has total power, but in a democracy, the people of a country (or region) vote to elect leaders who act on their behalf. A totalitarianism government typically has a dictator that leads it, like Benito Mussolini in Italy during World War II.Full Answer >
India is a Federal Republic, which means it has one national government that exists independently over several other smaller state governments. The government is divided into three distinct arms, which are the executive, legislature and judiciary.Full Answer >
According to the PR Newswire website, as of 2014, the world's leading democratic countries are, in order of their standard of democracy: Norway, Switzerland, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Netherlands, New Zealand, Germany, Ireland and Belgium. This makes the elected leaders of Norway and Switzerland, who are Erna Solberg and Simonetta Sommaruga, respectively, the two most democratic leaders of the world.Full Answer >
An elite democracy refers to a system of government in which the leaders of large bureaucratic organizations, corporate, governmental or nonprofit, are able to exercise a significant degree of influence on society. Most of the elected leaders in an elite democracy owe their positions to the sponsorship of these bureaucratic leaders, or elites, and will legislate in a manner that favors them. According to the elite theory in sociology and political science, a small minority of corporate, financial or think-tank policy-discussion organizations wield power to a greater degree than the processes of the state's democratically-elected government.Full Answer >