As the largest democracy in the world, one of the most unique features of India's political system is its imperative to reconcile the needs and demands of the country's many and radically different ethnic, religious and linguistic groups. Another unique feature of Indian democracy is its internal lack of equality. Specifically, Indian society is rooted in a culture where caste and gender dictate rights and treatment, a fact which seems to fundamentally undermine the tenets of traditional democracy.Know More
The sheer diversity of the Indian population, which accounts for a sixth of all humanity, would seem to make it incapable of sustaining a coherent democracy. Such differences would be an obstacle to shared identity, fellow feeling and therefore consensus decision making, as observed by John Stuart Mill. However, in spite of its internal differences, India has a broadly defined national identity that inspires similar levels of nationalism among diverse sectors of the population. Scholars attribute this to citizens being able to maintain two or three identities at once, including separate but co-existing loyalties to their ethnicity, state and nation.
Another feature of Indian democracy that defies conventional understanding is the country's extremely low income per capita. Usually, when democracy is established in low income nations, they do not last. India's, however, has survived since 1947.Learn more about Types of Government
India faces a number of democratic challenges that may include low voter turn out, minority groups being ignored, too much propaganda and too many short-term policies. The country passed its constitution on November 26th, 1949 in which its democratic ideals and structures of government are laid outFull Answer >
Examples of representative democracies include the United States government, the government of the United Kingdom and most of the other governing bodies in the world. In essence, a representative democracy is a form of leadership in which the populace elects a number of representatives who serve the function of acting in their interests.Full Answer >
There are examples of direct democracy in evidence across the world, from ballot measure voting in the United States to Switzerland's political system, which relies heavily on the voice of the people. Direct democracy differs from representative democracy because voters are allowed a much greater measure of control over political minutiae.Full Answer >
Democracy is a system of government based on the principle that the state's power is vested in the people and may be used by the people or their elected officials under a system of free elections. In theory, democracies may be either direct or representative.Full Answer >