In a representative government such as America, voters in the political system are often referred to as "constituents." The term is given to registered voters belonging to a district represented by an elected official. Another term for voters is "electors," which indicates that those casting votes are electing the representative.Know More
The word "constituent" comes from the root word "constitute." The verb means to make up, compose, form or establish. In the case of an election, a body of voters is formed for appointing or electing a representative. This body constitutes the people represented by the chosen individual.
Most voters in the United States identify with political parties such as the Democrats or Republicans, but others maintain autonomy and call themselves independent voters. Registered voters casting ballots from outside their home jurisdiction are known as absentee voters.Learn more about Elections
Low voter turnout is generally attributed to the belief by voters that their votes will matter very little and will have no affect on public policy; political disengagement is also a reason for low voter turnout. Voter turnout is also effected by election type, with lower turnout for primary elections, local elections and off-year elections for state legislators. National elections tend to achieve a higher voter turnout; for example, in the U.S. presidential election of 2008, voter turnout was 61 percent, according to Wikipedia.Full Answer >
Direct election allows the voters to directly elect political officeholders through an electoral system without electing another body first that then elects officeholders, such as in an indirect election. Examples of direct election are U.S. House of Representatives and the European Parliament. An example of a body that uses indirect election is the U.S. Electoral College.Full Answer >
Ballot fatigue is when there are several names on a political ballot, and voters choose to ignore some candidates when there are too many choices. When this occurs, a number of people get tired of reading the different names, and they choose the ones closest to the top of the list.Full Answer >
An incumbent usually wins an election because of the perks of his office, which include budget for a staff in Washington, D.C. and at home, and a travel allowance, which allows him to connect with constituents while in office. Incumbents also tend to raise more money than their challengers.Full Answer >