Q:

What are some of the ways to help prevent juvenile delinquency?

A:

Quick Answer

Some of the ways that juvenile delinquency can be prevented or minimized are though advocacy and mentoring programs, alcohol and drug use prevention programs and behavioral therapy. Although many of the existing programs are aimed at preventing repeat offenses, they can be helpful in preventing at-risk juveniles from being drawn into criminal behavior by gangs, peer pressure or irrational choices. Community organizations and programs that are able to effectively replace or supplement dysfunctional traditional structures can also help to steer a juvenile away from antisocial or criminal behavior.

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Full Answer

There are several theories for the existence and prevalence of juvenile delinquency. Some of these theories, such as labeling and differential association, place the cause within a societal context rather than focusing on the individual. Rational choice theory is the classic criminology approach, and it places the cause of juvenile delinquency on the individual's motivation towards self-interest, even when at the expense of others. The role of education is considered a primary factor in the prevention of juvenile delinquency because it helps to increase the economic potential of the individual while also encouraging the pursuit of self-interest through positive means.

Cognitive behavior therapy reduces the possibility of recidivism in juvenile offenders by up to 15 percent according to ongoing research conducted by Sara Heller, Jonathan Guryan and Jens Ludwig at the University of Chicago titled "Reducing Juvenile Delinquency by Reducing Automatic Behavior: Experimental Evidence from Juvenile Detention." This represents a goal-oriented approach that focuses on the individual learning to recognize and change thought patterns that can have a negative or destructive outcome.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How does poverty affect juvenile delinquency?

    A:

    Statistics show that there is a correlation between poverty and juvenile delinquency, and this is due solely to socio-economic factors. Children who live in poverty are less likely to attend good schools or participate in community programs that encourage them to stay off the streets. Their parents are often uneducated and unable to guide them. Strained home environments fail to provide them with sufficient space in which to unwind.

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  • Q:

    What are some facts about juvenile delinquency in the Philippines?

    A:

    The minimum age of criminal responsibility in the Philippines is 15, which means that a child who is under this age at the time of committing an offense is exempt from criminal liability. Offenders under 15 are often subject to an intervention program unless they have acted with discernment.

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  • Q:

    What are causes of juvenile delinquency?

    A:

    There are numerous causes of juvenile delinquency, including domestic violence, living in areas of poverty and high crime rates, inadequate social support and lack of access to education. Juvenile delinquency affects male and female youths, although the majority of offenders are young men. Juvenile delinquency affects youths in all areas, but occurs primarily in inner city areas and regions dominated by low income levels and where resources for supporting physical and emotional growth are limited.

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  • Q:

    What is contributing to the delinquency of a minor?

    A:

    Contributing to the delinquency of a minor means helping or making someone under 18 years old do something seen as unruly, or behaving in a way that makes the minor do something unruly, notes the Ohio Revised Code. Someone guarding the child (whether a parent or other custodian) and contributing to that child's delinquency is typically charged with a misdemeanor and can result in jail time and a fine.

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