The main way the states aid the national government is by taking care of localized tasks. State powers reduce the strain on the national government because the national government does not have to directly oversee these things. States also provide resources, such as taxes and natural resources.Know More
The United States is set up so that no one branch or level of government has total power. The things necessary for the country to run are divided between the states and the national, or federal, government. In this way, the states help take a lot of stress off the national government. States control licenses and elections and see to the welfare, health and safety of citizens. This makes it easier for the federal government to take care of its powers, such as dealing with foreign issues.
Because states are relatively independent, they can also test things out before the national government picks it up. For example, marriage rights and the legalization of marijuana are typically under the regulation of states, even if their decisions run counter to those of the national government.
Additionally, states provide revenue, tax money, natural resources and people for the national government. These resources allow the national government to continue running.Learn more about Types of Government
Dual federalism is when a national government and a state government operate individually, as was the case for the United States until the Great Depression. Dual federalism naturally limits the power of the national government as it gives states the ability to make their own decisions and question the rulings of the national government.Full Answer >
Block grants in the United States reflect cooperative federalism because they demonstrate a sharing of fiscal responsibility for local and state needs by national government, but they are also a devolution from previous categorical, formula and matching grants. Because they give states greater control regarding how the money will be used, block grants shift power back to the state level. Block grants are believed to have helped the concept of cooperative federalism to continue, but after the earlier types of grants, which carried strict regulations, had already forced state and local governments to become more capable and responsible in their spending decisions.Full Answer >
The disadvantages of a unitary system include a lack of power balances, the possibility for slow national response because the national government must control everything, the lack of power in the local government and a lack of representation among its citizens. The British government is a unitary system and the United States government is a federalist system.Full Answer >
A federal democracy is a political system in which citizens have equal participation in government and government is divided into two sovereign levels, such as a national government and state governments. Because of the extensive geography and population of most federal states, federal democracies are representative in nature. Various countries in western society have adopted versions of federal democracy.Full Answer >