The major difference between Lenin and Stalin is that Stalin was willing to expand the nature and scope of the terror used to consolidate his and the party's power, while Lenin was not. Additionally, Stalin was willing to calculate even more aggressive large-scale policies concerning collectivization.Know More
It should not be said that Lenin was unwilling to use violence, as Lenin refashioned the application of Marxist theory to the Russian context by amplifying the violent role played by professional revolutionaries, such as himself. However, Lenin was reluctant to use terror against the politburo, but Stalin was more than willing to do so. This is exemplified in the so-called show trials of the late 1930s, where Stalin all but liquidated any possible competition, and murdered hundreds of thousands of others in what is often called the "Great Purge." Also, Lenin had not been predisposed to forcing Russian peasants to enter collectives, something he clarified in a 1921 pronouncement. Stalin, however, pursued a ruthless policy of peasant collectivization, and when many peasants resisted, he oversaw a period of intentional starvation that reaped around 7 million lives.
Finally, whereas Lenin still appreciated Russia as leading an active vanguard in the process towards worldwide communist revolution, Stalin adopted a more pragmatic, parochial approach, where Russia had to operate in isolation, at least for the time being. This almost nationalistic communism proved even more necessary when the Soviet Union found itself facing the Nazi military menace alone on the Eastern front in 1941, and when every point of mutual Russian identity and inspiration was needed to defeat the enemy.Learn more about Types of Government
Marx developed many of the ideas that eventually became Russian Communism, but Lenin was the one to implement those ideas. Both leaders believed that workers should control their own fate instead of relying on the rich and powerful.Full Answer >
The major difference between the economy under Stalin and that under a capitalist economy is Stalin's policy of state ownership of the means of production. This was an extension of his particular interpretation of communism. With initiatives like the Five-Year Plan and the collectivization of agriculture, Stalin essentially brought all vital sectors of the economy under state control, something that theories of capitalism reject.Full Answer >
Stalin came to power when Lenin died in 1924 by outmaneuvering his rivals to become the head of the Communist Party and then the dictator of the Soviet Union. Lenin was exiled in Switzerland in 1912 when he appointed Joseph Stalin to serve for the Bolshevik Party on the first Central Committee.Full Answer >
The Whig Party advocated for increased government involvement, especially from the federal government, while the Democrat Party supported less government input. The Whigs originally formed to protest President Andrew Jackson's opposition to the Second Bank of the United States and his propensity for ignoring Supreme Court decisions.Full Answer >