The major difference between Lenin and Stalin is that Stalin was willing to expand the nature and scope of the terror used to consolidate his and the party's power, while Lenin was not. Additionally, Stalin was willing to calculate even more aggressive large-scale policies concerning collectivization.Know More
It should not be said that Lenin was unwilling to use violence, as Lenin refashioned the application of Marxist theory to the Russian context by amplifying the violent role played by professional revolutionaries, such as himself. However, Lenin was reluctant to use terror against the politburo, but Stalin was more than willing to do so. This is exemplified in the so-called show trials of the late 1930s, where Stalin all but liquidated any possible competition, and murdered hundreds of thousands of others in what is often called the "Great Purge." Also, Lenin had not been predisposed to forcing Russian peasants to enter collectives, something he clarified in a 1921 pronouncement. Stalin, however, pursued a ruthless policy of peasant collectivization, and when many peasants resisted, he oversaw a period of intentional starvation that reaped around 7 million lives.
Finally, whereas Lenin still appreciated Russia as leading an active vanguard in the process towards worldwide communist revolution, Stalin adopted a more pragmatic, parochial approach, where Russia had to operate in isolation, at least for the time being. This almost nationalistic communism proved even more necessary when the Soviet Union found itself facing the Nazi military menace alone on the Eastern front in 1941, and when every point of mutual Russian identity and inspiration was needed to defeat the enemy.Learn more about Types of Government
Stalin came to power when Lenin died in 1924 by outmaneuvering his rivals to become the head of the Communist Party and then the dictator of the Soviet Union. Lenin was exiled in Switzerland in 1912 when he appointed Joseph Stalin to serve for the Bolshevik Party on the first Central Committee.Full Answer >
The Whig Party advocated for increased government involvement, especially from the federal government, while the Democrat Party supported less government input. The Whigs originally formed to protest President Andrew Jackson's opposition to the Second Bank of the United States and his propensity for ignoring Supreme Court decisions.Full Answer >
According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, capitalism is based on the principle of individual rights, a free market economy, an uneven distribution of wealth and very little government interference. Communism is based on the principle of community rights, controlled economic production, an even distribution of wealth and high levels of government oversight.Full Answer >
Democracy is a system of government based on the principle that the state's power is vested in the people and may be used by the people or their elected officials under a system of free elections. In theory, democracies may be either direct or representative.Full Answer >