The northern and southern colonies differed in the level of public participation in government and in the religious, social and economic factors that influenced policy. The northern states, particularly those that make up New England, were primarily religious communities. Christianity shaped their law, and in many instances they practiced innovative small-town democracy. The southern states were foremostly economic enterprises in which farming had a major influence.Know More
The northern states were sites of religious refuge for devotees escaping Anglican persecution in Britain. Puritans made up Massachusetts, where the strict moral codes of Puritanism pervaded the law. The Puritan colonists were concerned with creating a righteous society founded on Biblical principles. Thus, their laws regarding moral issues were detailed and severe. Religious leaders had significant influence in local politics. New England politics is also a major contributor to the American democratic tradition. The people in these communities held town hall meetings in which every citizen had the opportunity to cast a vote. The middle colonies like New York were typically royal colonies controlled by royally appointed governors.
The southern colonies were mostly chartered as joint-stock ventures. These colonists were more concerned with making money than building a righteous community. The fertile southern soil was ideal for tobacco cultivation. This cash crop came to dominate politics. When family members and indentured servants were no longer sufficient for tobacco production, slavery became an important institution safeguarded by the government. Virginia is notable for being the birthplace of the first colonial legislature, the Virginia House of Burgesses, established in 1619.Learn More
A limited government is a constitutional government with limited power and checks and balances in place whereas an unlimited government is an authoritarian and totalitarian government. The United States is an example of a limited government.Full Answer >
The Whig Party advocated for increased government involvement, especially from the federal government, while the Democrat Party supported less government input. The Whigs originally formed to protest President Andrew Jackson's opposition to the Second Bank of the United States and his propensity for ignoring Supreme Court decisions.Full Answer >
According to the Library of Economics and Liberty, capitalism is based on the principle of individual rights, a free market economy, an uneven distribution of wealth and very little government interference. Communism is based on the principle of community rights, controlled economic production, an even distribution of wealth and high levels of government oversight.Full Answer >
There are many differences between a monarchy and a democracy, the main one being that a monarchy bestows the power to make decisions and laws. In a democracy, the people of a nation hold some powers of government.Full Answer >