The responses of China and Japan to Western Imperialism were similar in several significant respects. Each nation, for centuries, successfully held back Western incursions into their territories and economies. Both China and Japan were ultimately able to maintain this policy of isolationism until the 19th century, when each finally succumbed to external pressures, though to differing degrees.Know More
By the 19th century, both of these mighty Asian nations found their formal policies of isolationism no longer viable, and each were forced to accede to European interests. China was the first to do so, opening up a limited and controlled zone in the province of Canton to Western merchants. There, a special bureaucracy was established to deal with these Westerners and to contain their influence. By 1853, Japan too began opening its ports to Western merchants, particularly after they saw the naval power of the West. In this most basic sense, the responses of the two nations were similar and occupied the same general stretch of history. Each seemed to sense the moment, and react in a manner that suited the situation.
However, Chinese policy ultimately proved too constrictive for European interests and a series of conflicts known collectively as the Opium Wars eventually brought China to its knees. According to Columbia University, this armed showdown with the West left China completely vulnerable to European imperial ambitions. Japan, on the other hand, proved more pliant to the Westerners, yet it also learned and industrialized on its own. This critical difference is what allowed Japan to grow as a world power in the 20th century, whereas China's road towards modernization was more prolonged and difficult. The results of this disparity between nations was most sorely felt in the cataclysmic and uneven matching of the armed forces of the two countries during World War II.Learn more about Types of Government
Some of the major causes of imperialism have previously been the need for resources to supply the industrial revolution with raw materials, maintaining a supply of cheap labor and the desire to sustain a steady market for exported manufactured goods. To the benefit of a stronger nation intent on developing its economic and political strength through means outside of its borders, a weaker nation's economic, cultural and political systems are dominated. Imperialism, in contrast to colonialism, is a centrally developed state policy that is enacted for both economic and ideological reasons.Full Answer >
An example of cultural imperialism would be the proliferation of American businesses in China. The influence of large corporate chains has changed the face of modern Chinese cities, as they try to emulate U.S. cities with large apartment buildings and corporate food chains at the cost of historical identity.Full Answer >
The influx of Chinese immigrants into Zambia is an example of modern day imperialism. Zambia is a country located in the southern part of Africa.Full Answer >
A pro of imperialism is it that it can modernize other nations. A con of imperialism is that it has led to the murder of millions of people throughout history.Full Answer >