Some active ingredients found in different antacid tablets are aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide and calcium carbonate. Although these antacids are effective, the strongest active ingredient used in an antacid is calcium carbonate, states the International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (IFFGD).Know More
Calcium carbonate can be an effective acid neutralizer, but it also has associated risks, such as elevating calcium blood levels and the formation of kidney stones. A brand name antacid with this active ingredient is Tums.
Aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide are other active ingredients commonly found in these medications used for heartburn or an upset stomach. Antacids containing these ingredients, but there also can be risk factors connected with their use, such as taking large doses of aluminum hydroxide can decrease the levels of phosphate in the body, leading to different bone issues, notes IFFGD. In the case of magnesium hydroxide, there also are some contraindications, including patients with renal failure should not use this type of antacid.
These active ingredients are effective at neutralizing gastric acid because they are weak bases, states Louisiana Tech University.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
According to the International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, the best antacid for reducing stomach acid is calcium carbonate, which is the primary ingredient in brands such as Tums and Titralac. Other antacids include sodium bicarbonate, aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide.Full Answer >
The active ingredient in milk of magnesia is magnesium hydroxide. The liquid form also contains purified water as an inactive ingredient.Full Answer >
According to Heartburn.com, antacid tablets work by weakening the acid in the stomach to prevent and relieve heartburn symptoms. Antacids contain ingredients, such as calcium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate, that quickly neutralize stomach acids. Antacids work best when taken on a full stomach as the stomach contents prolong the effectiveness of the medication.Full Answer >
Zantac is not an antacid, but it is used to prevent and treat heartburn with acid indigestion, according to WebMD. It is an H2 antagonist or histamine H2 blocker medication that is prescribed for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, and other medical conditions that result in the overproduction of stomach acid. Zantac is also sold in its generic version, ranitidine, and may be useful in treating intestinal and stomach ulcers and problems with the throat or esophagus and stomach that result from too much acid being produced by the stomach or acid that flows backward into the esophagus.Full Answer >