According to WebMD, any vaginal bleeding that occurs outside of a menstrual cycle can be caused by birth control pill side effects and polycystic ovary syndrome. Birth control pills are known to cause mid-cycle bleeding within the first few months of use. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition that causes hormonal fluctuations that directly affect ovulation, which in turn can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding.Know More
The Mayo Clinic explains that additional causes for vaginal bleeding outside of the normal menstrual cycle can include ovarian cysts, sexually transmitted infections or uterine fibroids, so it is important for women experiencing unusual vaginal bleeding to consult with a gynecologist to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment. Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that develop in the uterus that can lead to heavy blood loss and anemia if left untreated.
According to Women First Obstetrics and Gynecology, mid-cycle bleeding or abnormal uterine bleeding is a common sign of perimenopause, a condition that occurs in many women prior to the onset of full-on menopause. Additional symptoms of perimenopause can include heavy menstrual flow and missed menstrual periods. Women First also explains that vaginal bleeding can be indicative of uterine cancer, which can be diagnosed through tests that include pelvic exams and uterine biopsies.Learn more about Menstruation
Black period blood is usually just a sign that old blood is leaving the uterus toward the end of a woman's menstrual cycle, according to WebMD. It is likely not a cause for concern but can indicate in some cases that a woman has an enlarged uterus or menstrual obstruction.Full Answer >
Perimenopause, extreme weight gain or loss, stress, medications, an endocrine disorder and metabolic syndrome can all create fluctuations in the menstrual cycle that can cause menstruation to occur earlier than usual, according to CNN. Any change in a menstrual cycle that lasts longer than three weeks should be evaluated by a gynecologist, according to CNN.Full Answer >
During a menstrual cycle, the blood may become dark red or brown near the end of the cycle because the blood is older and is not being released as quickly. This is a normal color change during a menstrual cycle, explains WebMD.Full Answer >
Bleeding after the end of a woman's menstrual cycle is not considered normal and requires medical attention, according to Healthline. Healthy periods range between two and seven days and a woman should not produce blood outside of that duration. Possible causes include a miscarriage, infection, thyroid imbalances, an ectopic pregnancy and uterine fibroids.Full Answer >