According to fitness trainer Miguel Cavazos for JillianMichaels.com, basketball is considered a full-body workout that builds muscle bulk through stabilizing movements and rapid bursts of energy and force. This skillful exertion results in improved muscle strength, stamina and endurance in several areas of the body, such as the calves, biceps, deltoids, triceps, abdominals, thighs and buttocks. Most athletes also incorporate weight training into their routines to enhance their competitive performance.
Generally speaking, agility and endurance training are a predominant focus of professional basketball players. Josh Silvernagel of Sports 'n Science further explains that achieving an ideal amount of muscle mass is a major concern for most basketball players and requires careful attention to exercise and diet. Because of the intense cardiovascular activity required to maintain peak performance during a game, it is common for players to burn so much energy, they run the risk of losing muscle mass in the process.
Players must also be careful not to add so much muscle bulk to their frames through weight-training exercises that it impedes their ability to move nimbly. Silvernagel explains that contrary to popular belief, it is actually more important for basketball players to focus on lower-body workouts than upper-body workouts.