Benzoylecgonine, also known as ecgonine benzoate, is the main metabolite of cocaine. Produced by hydrolysis, benzoylecgonine can be detected in urine for a minimum of 5 days after usage of cocaine. Heavy usage can lead to detection up to a month after usage, and it can take heavy users up to four months to clean out their system completely.Know More
No other drug, prescription or illegal, produces the same metabolite as benzoylecgonine, making it a clear indication of cocaine usage. WebMD reports that 14 percent of adults in the United States have tried cocaine. Men between the ages of 18-25 are the biggest cocaine users.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that comes in two forms: powdered and crack. The drug blocks neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine from being reabsorbed. This can lead to euphoric feelings such as elevated mood and a feeling of supremacy. However, it can also lead to feelings of paranoia, irritability, and anxiety. WebMD explains that cocaine use also increases heart rate and constricts blood vessels, which can lead to heart attacks, strokes, ulcers, and kidney stones.
Stopping the use of cocaine after regular usage can lead to intense withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms typically include depression, anxiety, intense craving for cocaine, aches, pains, tremors, and difficulty concentrating.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
The Food and Drug Administration has not determined a health risk from potassium benzoate within food and beverages as of 2014; however, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has established regulatory limits for potassium benzoate presence, according to the American Beverage Association. Potassium benzoate is a preservative.Full Answer >
Both potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate have been deemed safe for consumption and are not harmful when consumed in small doses. However, there are concerns about the dangers of consuming too much over a prolonged period of time as well as being dangerous to certain people.Full Answer >
Cancer Connect.com says that some drugs, such as Marinol, stimulate appetite by blocking the cannabinoid-1 receptor in the brain that is responsible for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. According to Care Search, the exact mechanism through which many appetite stimulants act is unknown.Full Answer >
Chromium picolinate is used in alternative medicine for purposes such as treating chromium deficiency, lowering cholesterol, supplementing weight loss and controlling blood sugar in individuals with diabetes or pre-diabetes, according to Drugs.com. Chromium picolinate should not be used in place of medication prescribed by a doctor. The FDA has not approved all of its uses.Full Answer >