Benzoylecgonine, also known as ecgonine benzoate, is the main metabolite of cocaine. Produced by hydrolysis, benzoylecgonine can be detected in urine for a minimum of 5 days after usage of cocaine. Heavy usage can lead to detection up to a month after usage, and it can take heavy users up to four months to clean out their system completely.Know More
No other drug, prescription or illegal, produces the same metabolite as benzoylecgonine, making it a clear indication of cocaine usage. WebMD reports that 14 percent of adults in the United States have tried cocaine. Men between the ages of 18-25 are the biggest cocaine users.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that comes in two forms: powdered and crack. The drug blocks neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine from being reabsorbed. This can lead to euphoric feelings such as elevated mood and a feeling of supremacy. However, it can also lead to feelings of paranoia, irritability, and anxiety. WebMD explains that cocaine use also increases heart rate and constricts blood vessels, which can lead to heart attacks, strokes, ulcers, and kidney stones.
Stopping the use of cocaine after regular usage can lead to intense withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms typically include depression, anxiety, intense craving for cocaine, aches, pains, tremors, and difficulty concentrating.Learn more in Medications & Vitamins
Sodium benzoate is a preservative and flavoring agent commonly used in acidic foods such as jams, fruit pies, relishes and sauerkraut, says Shereen Jegtvig from About.com. It is also sometimes used in soft drinks.Full Answer >
Both potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate have been deemed safe for consumption and are not harmful when consumed in small doses. However, there are concerns about the dangers of consuming too much over a prolonged period of time as well as being dangerous to certain people.Full Answer >
Citalopram is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, or SSRI, that is commonly prescribed for the treatment of depression, according to WebMD. Citalopram is the generic version of Celexa and is formulated to restore the balance of serotonin in the brain. It is also sometimes prescribed to treat other mental disorders such as panic disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder and to lessen the incidence of hot flashes during menopause.Full Answer >
RxMed states that Combantrin, whose generic form is named pyrantel, is a medication used for treating incidences of gastrointestinal parasites, such as threadworm, roundworm and hookworm. The drug interferes with the neuromuscular function of parasites, which inhibits their ability to hold their position and causes them to be expelled from the body.Full Answer >