Benzoylecgonine, also known as ecgonine benzoate, is the main metabolite of cocaine. Produced by hydrolysis, benzoylecgonine can be detected in urine for a minimum of 5 days after usage of cocaine. Heavy usage can lead to detection up to a month after usage, and it can take heavy users up to four months to clean out their system completely.Know More
No other drug, prescription or illegal, produces the same metabolite as benzoylecgonine, making it a clear indication of cocaine usage. WebMD reports that 14 percent of adults in the United States have tried cocaine. Men between the ages of 18-25 are the biggest cocaine users.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that comes in two forms: powdered and crack. The drug blocks neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine from being reabsorbed. This can lead to euphoric feelings such as elevated mood and a feeling of supremacy. However, it can also lead to feelings of paranoia, irritability, and anxiety. WebMD explains that cocaine use also increases heart rate and constricts blood vessels, which can lead to heart attacks, strokes, ulcers, and kidney stones.
Stopping the use of cocaine after regular usage can lead to intense withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms typically include depression, anxiety, intense craving for cocaine, aches, pains, tremors, and difficulty concentrating.Learn More
The Mayo Clinic cautions that vitamin D toxicity results in hypercalcemia, a build up of calcium in the blood that causes nausea, poor appetite and vomiting. Other symptoms of vitamin D overdose are weakness, frequent urination and kidney problems.Full Answer >
Immediate release Ritalin, which contains the drug called methylphenidate, lasts for three to six hours, typically peaking at approximately two hours after dosing. According to the Family Practice Notebook, the length of time methylphenidate's effects last depend on the formulation in which it is delivered.Full Answer >
As of 2014, the Food and Drug Administration has approved a pill called Blowfish to help relieve a hangover. The Blowfish pills contain caffeine, aspirin and stomach soothers to help ease the pain. The pill comes in effervescent form so it works rapidly.Full Answer >
The pneumonia vaccination contains 23 strains of the pneumococcal virus stored in a saline solution with a phenol as a preservative, according to the National Vaccine Information Center. There are two versions of the vaccine. The one containing 23 strains of the virus is known as pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, or PPSV.Full Answer >