The size of a kidney stone ranges between a crystal of sugar to a ping pong ball, according to WebMD. Most people do not notice kidney stones until they begin to cause damage.Know More
Kidney stones form when salts and minerals in the urine stick together and crystallize. Many are too small to notice, and only cause pain when they enter the ureters that lead into the bladder. When this happens, the pain becomes severe, alerting the patient to their presence.
People with kidney stones may experience:
Treatment for kidney stones includes eating a healthy diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in animal protein, while limiting intake of oxalate-rich foods such as spinach, chocolate, beets, nuts and tea, according to WebMD. High-oxalate fruits to avoid include berries, kiwis, figs and purple grapes, adds Healthline.Full Answer >
Sharp pain in the back, side and abdomen is the first major symptom of a kidney stone, according to WebMD. Other symptoms include nausea and vomiting, bloody urine, and the frequent need to urinate. Signs of infection include fever, chills, painful urination and smelly urine.Full Answer >
The National Kidney Federation explains that the most common reasons one kidney is larger than the other include congenital dysplasia, reflux nephropathy, kidney infection and blood starvation in the smaller kidney. Diseases such as glomerulonephritis also cause a kidney to become smaller.Full Answer >
Depending upon the exact level, a low score on a glomerular filtration rate test indicates kidney disease or kidney failure, according to the National Kidney Disease Education Program. Kidneys filter the blood, and GFR measures the effectiveness of this process.Full Answer >