The size of a kidney stone ranges between a crystal of sugar to a ping pong ball, according to WebMD. Most people do not notice kidney stones until they begin to cause damage.Know More
Kidney stones form when salts and minerals in the urine stick together and crystallize. Many are too small to notice, and only cause pain when they enter the ureters that lead into the bladder. When this happens, the pain becomes severe, alerting the patient to their presence.
People with kidney stones may experience:
Treatment for kidney stones includes eating a healthy diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in animal protein, while limiting intake of oxalate-rich foods such as spinach, chocolate, beets, nuts and tea, according to WebMD. High-oxalate fruits to avoid include berries, kiwis, figs and purple grapes, adds Healthline.Full Answer >
Drinking between eight and 10 glasses of water each day and taking prescription alpha-blocker medications can move kidney stones through the system quickly, according to WebMD. The longer kidney stones stay in the system, the larger they can grow, and the more pain they cause.Full Answer >
Sharp pain in the back, side and abdomen is the first major symptom of a kidney stone, according to WebMD. Other symptoms include nausea and vomiting, bloody urine, and the frequent need to urinate. Signs of infection include fever, chills, painful urination and smelly urine.Full Answer >
The normal creatinine clearance rate for a woman in her 90s is 55 to 75 milliliters per minute, according to WebMD. The normal glomerular filtration rate for a woman in her 90s is around 60, according to a study published in Kidney International.Full Answer >