A bone spur appears as a tiny, pointed growth on a bone, according to MedicineNet. Bone spurs, which are typically only treated when pain occurs, are generally only visible through radiologic testing such as X-rays, an MRI scan, CT scan and ultrasound imaging. Caused by a local inflammation such as arthritis or tendonitis, bone spurs typically develop near areas of injury or inflammation of cartilage and tendons.
The symptoms of a bone spur include pain, numbness, tenderness and weakness in neighboring irritated tissues, according to MedicineNet. In many cases, bones spurs cause no symptoms at all, while in other cases, they cause severe, debilitating pain. Medically referred to as an osteophyte, bone spurs most commonly form in the back, Achilles tendon and heel bone, but they can occur in any joint that has degenerated cartilage surrounding it.
Bone spurs are initially treated by working to reduce inflammation and avoiding re-injury, according to MedicineNet. Anti-inflammatory medicines are typically administered orally or by injection. In the case of bones spurs that cause damage or pain to adjacent nerves, surgery may be required. There is no way to prevent bone spurs, but if they are not causing any problems, they are typically left alone and do not require treatment.Learn More
While heel spurs cause no symptoms in many people, in others, they cause ongoing or intermittent pain in the heel area when walking, running or jogging, according to WebMD. The source of the pain is most often not caused from the heal spur itself but from injury to the soft tissue that surrounds the heel spur.Full Answer >
According to the University of Washington, a sclerotic lesion of the bone usually results from a slow-growing bone disorder that allows the bone enough time to attempt the formation of a sclerotic area around the offender. Dictionary.com states that sclerosis is a hardening of tissue.Full Answer >
According to the University of Washington School of Medicine, bone lucencies can be caused by a variety of factors, such as cysts, cancer, benign tumors or infection. Healio goes on to point out that fractures also cause bone lucencies.Full Answer >
According to an article in the official journal for the American Academy of Otolaryngology, hyoid bone fractures usually cause symptoms such as difficulty swallowing and pain upon head rotation. Additionally, many patients complain of tenderness in the front of the neck. Such injuries are very rare and usually arise from motor vehicle accidents, strangulation or athletic endeavors.Full Answer >