Antibiotic brand names include Keflex, Zithromax, Levaquin, Bactrim and Tobrex. Each of these brands represents a major antibiotic drug class. While there are over 100 different brands of antibiotics, all of them come from seven drug classes.Know More
The seven main antibiotic drug classes are aminoglycosides, penicillins, macrolides, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines and sulfonamides. Keflex is a cephalosporin, Zithromax is a macrolide, and Levaquin is a fluoroquinolone. Bactrim is a sulfonamide, and Tobrex is an aminoglycoside. Penicillins and tetracyclines are largely off-patent and are generally referred to by their generic names.
Antibiotic drug classes are determined by the organic structures of the compounds in that class, by the organisms the antibiotic was either cultured or synthesized from, or both. For example, cephalosporin antibiotics are derived from the fungus Cephalosporium acremonium. Macrolide antibiotics are produced by actinomycete bacteria of the genus Streptomyces. They also exhibit a lactone ring structure comprised of at least 12 members and linked by at least one sugar.
Antibiotics are chosen for a given bacterial infection based on several factors. These include the types of pathogens that normally cause a particular infection, whether or not a particular pathogen takes a stain in the laboratory, and whether a particular organism is sensitive to a given drug class. Additionally, cost, side effects and dosing schedule may be considered.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
Popular brands of antacids are Alka-Seltzer, Tums, Phillips’ Milk of Magnesia, Mylanta and Gaviscon, according to MedlinePlus. They all work well but have different ingredients that cause different side effects. Although tablets are more convenient, liquid forms work faster.Full Answer >
Brand names of ibuprofen include Motril, Advil, Addaprin, Ultraprin, Proprinal, Profen IB, NeoProfen, Motrin IB, Caldolor, Cedaprin, I-Prin and Midol, as stated by MedlinePlus. Ibuprofen is also combined with additional medications to create other brands, such as Vicoprofen, Duexis, Advil PM, Reprexain, Ibudone and Combunox.Full Answer >
The main advantage of taking antibiotics is that the medication can save the lives of people infected with serious bacterial infections. Antibiotics can also shorten the length of time of infection and prevent infections from spreading to other parts of the body and other people, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, cellulitis is an infection that is treated with antibiotics and skin care prescribed by your doctor. However, some home remedies may hasten healing and prevent the cellulitis from coming back; these include applying warm compresses to the affected area and keeping the area elevated.Full Answer >