Antibiotic brand names include Keflex, Zithromax, Levaquin, Bactrim and Tobrex. Each of these brands represents a major antibiotic drug class. While there are over 100 different brands of antibiotics, all of them come from seven drug classes.Know More
The seven main antibiotic drug classes are aminoglycosides, penicillins, macrolides, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines and sulfonamides. Keflex is a cephalosporin, Zithromax is a macrolide, and Levaquin is a fluoroquinolone. Bactrim is a sulfonamide, and Tobrex is an aminoglycoside. Penicillins and tetracyclines are largely off-patent and are generally referred to by their generic names.
Antibiotic drug classes are determined by the organic structures of the compounds in that class, by the organisms the antibiotic was either cultured or synthesized from, or both. For example, cephalosporin antibiotics are derived from the fungus Cephalosporium acremonium. Macrolide antibiotics are produced by actinomycete bacteria of the genus Streptomyces. They also exhibit a lactone ring structure comprised of at least 12 members and linked by at least one sugar.
Antibiotics are chosen for a given bacterial infection based on several factors. These include the types of pathogens that normally cause a particular infection, whether or not a particular pathogen takes a stain in the laboratory, and whether a particular organism is sensitive to a given drug class. Additionally, cost, side effects and dosing schedule may be considered.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
Brand names of ibuprofen include Motril, Advil, Addaprin, Ultraprin, Proprinal, Profen IB, NeoProfen, Motrin IB, Caldolor, Cedaprin, I-Prin and Midol, as stated by MedlinePlus. Ibuprofen is also combined with additional medications to create other brands, such as Vicoprofen, Duexis, Advil PM, Reprexain, Ibudone and Combunox.Full Answer >
According to Mayo Clinic and WebMD, bacterial vaginosis is treated with antibiotics; however, the antibiotics usually used for treatment are not in the penicillin family. Bacterial infections are matched with the type of antibiotics that kills particular strains.Full Answer >
According to the National Health Service, macrolide antibiotics are a good alternative to penicillin. These antibiotic types are particularly useful in treating patients with lung or respiratory infections. They are often prescribed to patients with penicillin allergies.Full Answer >
The most common and effective treatment for staph aureus is antibiotics, but another effective treatment option is to have the affected muscles or fibers surgically cleaned, according to WebMD. Due to antibiotic resistance in the general community, many instances of staph aureus are not successfully treated with regular antibiotics and need stronger ones to clear the infection.Full Answer >