An ear, nose and throat doctor is called an otolaryngologist or ENT doctor. The field of otolaryngology is the longest-lived medical specialty in the United States, according to University of Texas Medical School.
Otolaryngologists are medical doctors who treat conditions such as sinusitis, hearing loss, allergies, balance disorders and speech problems. These physicians can also perform reconstructive surgery. Otolaryngologists go through undergraduate school, medical school and specialty training, states the University of Texas Medical School.
After training, ENT doctors must also pass an exam given by the American Board of Otolaryngology. University of Texas Medical School says that a doctor of otolaryngology can also spend another several years studying one of eight subspecialties: otology/neurotology, pediatric otolaryngology, head and neck, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, rhinology, laryngology, allergy and sleep.