Bacterial vaginosis does not cause infertility itself, but it increases susceptibility to other infections linked to infertility, according to the Mayo Clinic. Vaginosis is a risk factor for contracting or spreading sexually transmitted diseases, and it can also trigger pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID. In pregnant women, vaginosis may result in premature births and cause newborns to be underweight.Know More
The vagina contains productive bacteria that aids in maintaining balance by regulating the production of harmful bacteria, according to WebMD. An excessive amount of infectious bacteria can cause vaginosis, which is characterized by a yellow or gray discharge and an unpleasant odor. These warning signs are frequently associated with other vaginal conditions, such as STDs, so the infection may go undiagnosed, even with noticeable symptoms. Douching and smoking are considered high risk factors, as they can affect a woman's physiological balance.
Untreated bacterial vaginosis increases the risk of contracting HIV, gonorrhea and chlamydia from sexual contact with someone who is infected, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vaginosis is typically treated with antibiotics pills or topical cream, the Mayo Clinic states. Male partners are not at risk of contracting the infection, but engaging in sexual activity with multiple partners makes women more likely to suffer recurring bouts of vaginosis.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy
Although bacterial vaginosis usually responds well to antibiotics, WebMD reveals that symptoms reoccur in one in three women with no concrete explanation as to why. Recurring bacterial vaginosis is linked to pelvic inflammatory disease because it makes the reproductive tract more vulnerable to inflammation or infection. Female partners should be tested to prevent the bacterial vaginosis infection from being passed between partners.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, an abnormal Pap smear means that some of the cells on the cervix do not look normal. The causes for cervical cells looking abnormal can include human papillomavirus, bacterial or yeast infection or cervical cancer.Full Answer >
Cervical lacerations sometimes occur during a vaginal childbirth, according to What to Expect. Increased bleeding after childbirth is an immediate symptom of a cervical laceration although this can be difficult to detect as bleeding is normal after childbirth. While tears to the perineum, or the area between the vagina and anus, are most common, cervical lacerations occur much less frequently.Full Answer >
Sexually transmitted disease, yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis, menopause, low hormone levels and chemical irritation are all potential causes of an itching sensation in the cervix, per MedLine Plus. In rarer cases, the itching can be caused by cervical cancer or a skin condition.Full Answer >