Damage from emphysema, a chronic obstructive lung disease, can cause holes in lung tissue, explains UW Health. Cysts from lymphangioleiomyomatosis, or LAM, a rare disease that primarily occurs in women of child-bearing age, can also cause holes in the lungs, reports the Scientific Society for Rare Diseases & Orphan Drugs.Know More
Emphysema results in damage to air sacs, called alveoli, in the lungs, notes UW Health. As a result, permanent holes form in the lungs, causing air to become trapped and the lung tissue to distend from decreased elasticity. This causes the individual to experience difficulty exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide through exhalation due to the distended lung tissue placing pressure on the neighboring healthy lung tissue. Common symptoms of emphysema include shortness of breath, low tolerance for exercise and coughing. Over time, individuals suffering from emphysema may need to receive supplemental oxygen.
LAM is a progressive disease of the lungs that develops almost only in women, notes The LAM Foundation. In patients with LAM, abnormal smooth muscle cells invade healthy lung tissue, resulting in holes that make it difficult for the lungs to supply the rest of the body with vital oxygen. In the early stages of the disease, patients can usually continue their regular activities, but oxygen supplementation and lung transplantation may become necessary as the damage to the lungs progresses.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
According to WebMD, symptoms of emphysema include shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing and chest tightness or pain. Other less common symptoms are loss of appetite, weight loss, depression, poor sleep quality and decreased sexual function.Full Answer >
Damage from typhoons includes landslides and mudslides; heavy flooding; destruction of vehicles, buildings, roads and bridges; shipwrecks; power outages and human injury and death. Many people sustain injuries or die due to flying debris, collapsed buildings, flooding, mudslides and landslides, and storm surges.Full Answer >
When attempting to understand the stages of emphysema, it's important to know how the medical community uses two staging methods of emphysema. The GOLD staging system focuses primarily on breathing and lung capacity, and the BODE index takes into account other factors such as how the patient feels, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
The most extensive studies on emphysema life expectancy are based on just a few hundred people, so statistical indications for an individual's prognosis are not reliable, explains WebMD. The severity of emphysema is measured in stages, and life expectancy varies depending on a patient's stage.Full Answer >