Damage from emphysema, a chronic obstructive lung disease, can cause holes in lung tissue, explains UW Health. Cysts from lymphangioleiomyomatosis, or LAM, a rare disease that primarily occurs in women of child-bearing age, can also cause holes in the lungs, reports the Scientific Society for Rare Diseases & Orphan Drugs.Know More
Emphysema results in damage to air sacs, called alveoli, in the lungs, notes UW Health. As a result, permanent holes form in the lungs, causing air to become trapped and the lung tissue to distend from decreased elasticity. This causes the individual to experience difficulty exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide through exhalation due to the distended lung tissue placing pressure on the neighboring healthy lung tissue. Common symptoms of emphysema include shortness of breath, low tolerance for exercise and coughing. Over time, individuals suffering from emphysema may need to receive supplemental oxygen.
LAM is a progressive disease of the lungs that develops almost only in women, notes The LAM Foundation. In patients with LAM, abnormal smooth muscle cells invade healthy lung tissue, resulting in holes that make it difficult for the lungs to supply the rest of the body with vital oxygen. In the early stages of the disease, patients can usually continue their regular activities, but oxygen supplementation and lung transplantation may become necessary as the damage to the lungs progresses.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
A lung biopsy is a procedure in which a piece of the lung tissue is removed to be examined under a microscope, WebMD explains. Biopsy procedures include bronchoscopic, needle and open. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is also a biopsy procedure.Full Answer >
If a lung mass, or tumor, turns out to be cancerous, the cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood or the lymph, a fluid that surrounds the lung tissue. This process is called metastasis and can hinder organ function wherever the cancer spreads, as stated by the American Lung Association.Full Answer >
Damage to the muscles and liver due to certain medical conditions cause elevated levels of aldolase in the body. Malignant tumors, such as prostrate cancer, chronic leukemia and carcinomas that spread to the liver, may also result in increased aldolase concentrations, notes Mayo Medical Laboratories.Full Answer >
Damage to the inner ear due to aging and extensive exposure to loud noises are common causes of hearing loss, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Other causes of hearing loss include ear infections, buildup of earwax in the ear canal, tumors in the ear, and a ruptured eardrum.Full Answer >