The Merck Manual Home Health Handbook states that human kidneys can often heal themselves from the damage caused by acute kidney failure. A full recovery of kidney function is more likely if the episode of failure lasted less than five days and no complicating factors, such as infections, are present.Know More
Harvard University explains that the human body uses mesenchymal stem cells to help protect the kidneys from injury and speed up their healing. Scientists at the university have identified several proteins produced by these stem cells that may help accelerate the healing process when administered to patients. Alternatively, some of these stem cells are placed inside small dialysis machines so that the blood can come into contact with the cells and the healing proteins be absorbed and travel directly to the kidneys. Ultimately, scientists at Harvard University hope to produce new kidneys through the use of stem cells.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica lists increased concentrations of nitrogenous substances, potassium and sulfates as common problems that accompany acute kidney failure. High blood pressure, exposure to metals or organic solvents and a loss of blood are common causes of acute kidney failure. Conditions that limit the flow of urine from the kidneys, such as kidney stones, can also cause damage to these filtering organs.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Liver damage caused by alcohol abuse, cancers, and autoimmune or genetic disorders often presents symptoms of swelling in the legs, ankles and abdomen, dark urine, frequent bruising, and jaundice, the yellowing of the skin and eyes, states Mayo Clinic. Chronic fatigue, itching and changes in stool color are also common.Full Answer >
The kidneys excrete a hormone called erythropoietin, which helps perform an important regulatory function in the body, according to the Merck Manual. One key purpose of this hormone is the production of red blood cells in bone marrow. It also contributes to bone growth and development.Full Answer >
The major symptom of a gallbladder attack is pain in the upper abdomen, according to The Merck Manual Home Edition. This pain lasts over six hours, peaking after an hour and remaining steady. Gallstones cause 95 percent of gallbladder attacks.Full Answer >
The prognosis of polycythemia vera is fair because the disease is associated with a shortened life span and an average survival time between eight and 15 years, according to The Merck Manual. The leading cause of death is thrombosis, followed by complications from myelofibrosis and the development of leukemia.Full Answer >