Cervical length is not used to predict due dates because it is unreliable. Its measurement is used to assess the risk of preterm labor in women with a shortened cervix, explains WebMD. Cervical effacement, or thinning, is used for tracking the process of labor, according to Mayo Clinic.Know More
Cervical length is only used for predicting premature labor between 16 and 32 weeks because all women in labor have cervical shortening, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information. The average cervical length between 20 and 30 weeks gestation is 35 millimeters; this group represents a low risk for premature labor. Between 28 and 30 weeks of gestation, women with a cervical length of 25 millimeters or less have been shown to have a significant risk of pre-term labor, explains the National Center for Biotechnology Information.
Preterm labor occurs before 37 weeks of gestation and is a complication in 12 percent of all pregnancies. It accounts for 75 to 95 percent of all neonatal deaths, which is why assessing cervical length in the presence of other risk factors is important, states the National Center for Biotechnology Information.
Prevention of premature labor in the presence of a short cervix depends on the physician and the risk. Many obstetricians recommend bed rest, the use of tocolytics or the placement of a cervical cerclage. A cerclage is a surgical stitch placed in the opening of the cervix between 13 and 15 weeks to prevent pregnancy loss. It is often used in cases of recurrent pregnancy loss or cervical insufficiency, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information.Learn more about Pregnancy
According to Parenting.com, there are several small indicators believed to predict that a woman is carrying a male child, such as having a low pregnancy bump or seeing a Doppler heart reading of less than 140 beats per minute at a doctor's check-up. Male children are believed to create cravings for salty and sour foods during pregnancy, and it is believed (though not true) that women are less prone to morning sickness with boys.Full Answer >
Three centimeters dilated means that the cervix is opened about three centimeters in preparation for birth. Being three centimeters dilated does not mean a woman is in labor, according to About.com; a woman can be up to five centimeters dilated without being in true labor.Full Answer >
A woman's cervix needs to be 100 percent effaced and 10 centimeters dilated to give birth vaginally; therefore, being 70 percent effaced means her cervix is 30 percent away from being ready for childbirth. Being two centimeters dilated means her cervix needs to dilate 8 more centimeters. According to American Pregnancy, effacement refers to how much the cervix thins out or "ripens" in preparation for birth. Cervical dilation refers to the opening of the cervix.Full Answer >
There are numerous signs of impending labor, including the frequency and intensity of contractions, the ripening of the cervix and the rupturing of the amniotic fluid-filled sac that protects the baby, according to Baby Center. This latter process is colloquially referred to as when a woman's "water breaks."Full Answer >