A virus can attack a muscle on its own or discharge substances that injure muscle fibers. A viral infection of the muscle is called viral myositis. The types of viruses that can potentially attack muscles include HIV, the common cold and flu viruses, explains WebMD.
A bad cold, flu or pneumonia can cause muscle pain due to coughing, which is often mistaken as an attack on the muscle itself. However, in rare cases, a serious viral infection can spread from the respiratory or digestive tract to other parts of the body, including the muscles. These infections can affect single muscle groups, such as the back or shoulders, or the entire skeletal muscle system as a whole. Pain, inflammation and weakness are the most common symptoms, and they can occur quickly, making it difficult to get out of bed, according to WebMD.
Treatment of viral myositis includes antiviral drugs, hydration, bed rest and steroids to decrease inflammation. Although viral myositis can be caused by influenza and other common infectious viral diseases, the main cause is human immunodeficiency virus, notes Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone in an article in Clinical Microbiology Reviews.
If unexpected muscle pain or prolonged muscle pain in association with a cold, flu or other viral infection is experienced, a physician may run a series of tests such as blood tests, a muscle biopsy, EMG or MRI, states WebMD.Learn More
Down syndrome can affect the nervous system of the body by causing the nerves to slow down or misfire at different times; it can also cause seizures to occur. While it can be detrimental on the nervous system, it is often more detrimental to the developmental systems of the body and the other systems which work to make the body function properly.Full Answer >
To rinse the hair with apple-cider vinegar, one should mix the vinegar with water in equal parts, and pour or spray it over the scalp after shampooing, writes Kirsten Hudson of The Huffington Post. One should let it sit for a few minutes before rinsing hair clean with water.Full Answer >
After knee surgery, ice your leg and keep it elevated, monitor your pain levels, replace the bandages on the knee and perform light leg exercises to help strengthen your muscles, notes UCSF Medical Center. Even if you do not experience negative symptoms or side effects, make an appointment to see your surgeon two weeks after surgery for a post-operation checkup, recommends Wexner Medical Center.Full Answer >
Cluster headaches do not have a cure, but a person can take fast-acting medications for pain relief, including oxygen, triptans, octreotide, dihydroergotamine and local anesthetic, according to Mayo Clinic. An individual should visit a doctor’s office or a hospital to have a medical professional administer the medication intravenously.Full Answer >