A virus can attack a muscle on its own or discharge substances that injure muscle fibers. A viral infection of the muscle is called viral myositis. The types of viruses that can potentially attack muscles include HIV, the common cold and flu viruses, explains WebMD.Know More
A bad cold, flu or pneumonia can cause muscle pain due to coughing, which is often mistaken as an attack on the muscle itself. However, in rare cases, a serious viral infection can spread from the respiratory or digestive tract to other parts of the body, including the muscles. These infections can affect single muscle groups, such as the back or shoulders, or the entire skeletal muscle system as a whole. Pain, inflammation and weakness are the most common symptoms, and they can occur quickly, making it difficult to get out of bed, according to WebMD.
Treatment of viral myositis includes antiviral drugs, hydration, bed rest and steroids to decrease inflammation. Although viral myositis can be caused by influenza and other common infectious viral diseases, the main cause is human immunodeficiency virus, notes Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone in an article in Clinical Microbiology Reviews.
If unexpected muscle pain or prolonged muscle pain in association with a cold, flu or other viral infection is experienced, a physician may run a series of tests such as blood tests, a muscle biopsy, EMG or MRI, states WebMD.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
A mild heart attack affects a small part of the muscle or does little permanent damage, while a massive heart attack affects a large part of the muscle or causes a lot of damage. Both are due to blocked arteries, but the degree of blockage differs, according to Better Medicine.Full Answer >
The Ebola virus is thought to come from bats, according to LiveScience. Out of over 1,000 small animals that were tested, only three species of fruit bat, the hammer-headed bat, Franquet's epauletted fruit bat and the little-collared fruit bat, were found to harbor the Ebola virus.Full Answer >
Ebola hemorrhagic fever, more commonly known as Ebola, is a viral infection that causes symptoms including high fever, unexplained bleeding or bruising, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain and weakness, abdominal pain and severe headache. On average, these symptoms will appear 8 to 10 days after exposure to the virus, though according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), these symptoms can occur in as little as 2 days or as much as 21 days after exposure. Those who have reason to believe they have been exposed to the virus should be on the lookout for these symptoms, which are typically severe and may escalate, such as severe diarrhea that eventually becomes bloody.Full Answer >
There is always a stomach virus going around because gastroenteritis, a contagious inflammation of the intestinal tract commonly caused by viruses, is prevalent throughout the year, according to Dr. Diana Koelliker of Telluride Medical Center. As the viruses that cause gastroenteritis are highly contagious, utilizing good hygiene practices, including frequent hand washing and not sharing eating utensils, are the best way to prevent sickness.Full Answer >