According to KidsHealth, avoiding triggers, such as illness, painkillers, some antibiotics and some antimalarial drugs, is the preferred treatment for babies with G6PD deficiency, an inherited condition resulting in an insufficient amount of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenise. Caregivers should minimize a G6PD-deficient infant's exposure to illness and review all medications with a health care provider.
Individuals with inadequate levels of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenise are prone to episodes of anemia when they are sick or take certain medications. KidsHealth states that fava beans and naphthalene, a substance commonly found in mothballs, can also cause an anemic episode when ingested or touched.
MedlinePlus lists the symptoms of G6PD deficiency as fatigue, pallor, rapid heart rate, breathing difficulties, dark urine and jaundice. Patients do not display the symptoms until they are exposed to a trigger, and different people have different tolerances for the triggers. Infants may have G6PD deficiency without any outward symptoms.
MedlinePlus states that an anemic episode caused by a trigger in a G6PD-deficient patient is treated by changing medications or treating the illness that caused the episode. Although most episodes spontaneously resolve, there is a chance of severe complications or death. It is important for parents to consult with a medical professional if a child develops symptoms of G6PD deficiency.