According to How Stuff Works, black gums are the result of black gum disease, otherwise known as acute necrotizing periodontal disease. An imbalance in melanin production or pigmentation in the gums is another likely cause.Know More
How Stuff Works further notes that black gum disease degrades the gum into dead tissue. Other symptoms include an offensive mouth odor, bleeding and pain. Malnutrition, smoking and HIV can lead to black gum disease. It can also spread to the bones and cartilage around the gums if the problem is not treated. Treatment for this illness comes in the form of oxygen therapy in conjunction with antibiotics. Removing the decaying gums through surgical procedure is another option.
Wikipedia claims that the illness occurs in various stages, including the milder necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. How Stuff Works claims that acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is also known as "trench mouth" due to the onset of the disease among soldiers during World War I. This form of gingivitis is the result of poor dental hygiene, but it is considered a rare disease in modern society.
How Stuff Works adds that a melanin imbalance in the gums is more likely among people with dark skin; however, such an offset in the gums can happen in any ethnic group. Other diseases in the form of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Addison's disease and Von Recklinghausen's disease can cause a boost in melanin production. The gums can also darken when exposed to too much sunlight. Certain cosmetic procedures lighten and restore proper pigment to the gums.Learn more about Dental
Things that can cause blisters to form on the gums include stress, poor dental health and hormone changes, according to the National Institute of Health. Other causes include lack of vitamins or minerals.Full Answer >
Some causes of dark spots on the gums are melanin pigmentation, amalgam tattoos, smoker's melanosis, some medical conditions and oral malignant melanoma, according to the Oral Cancer Foundation. Most dark spots that appear on the gum, such as amalgam tattoos and melanin pigmentation, are harmless, while others are more serious.Full Answer >
Among the primary causes of sore gums is gum disease, according to WebMD. Gum disease can cause swollen and bleeding gums. Red gums are often a sign of either gingivitis, which is gum inflammation, or periodontitis, which is inflammation of tooth attachments and bones, according to MedicineNet.Full Answer >
Black stains on teeth can be caused by using mouthwashes that contain the ingredient chlorohexedine or by taking iron supplements, explains 1-800-Dentist. Root canal sealers that contain silver or other dental restoration materials containing silver nitrates can also cause black tooth stains, notes Family Gentle Dental Care.Full Answer >