According to How Stuff Works, black gums are the result of black gum disease, otherwise known as acute necrotizing periodontal disease. An imbalance in melanin production or pigmentation in the gums is another likely cause.Know More
How Stuff Works further notes that black gum disease degrades the gum into dead tissue. Other symptoms include an offensive mouth odor, bleeding and pain. Malnutrition, smoking and HIV can lead to black gum disease. It can also spread to the bones and cartilage around the gums if the problem is not treated. Treatment for this illness comes in the form of oxygen therapy in conjunction with antibiotics. Removing the decaying gums through surgical procedure is another option.
Wikipedia claims that the illness occurs in various stages, including the milder necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. How Stuff Works claims that acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is also known as "trench mouth" due to the onset of the disease among soldiers during World War I. This form of gingivitis is the result of poor dental hygiene, but it is considered a rare disease in modern society.
How Stuff Works adds that a melanin imbalance in the gums is more likely among people with dark skin; however, such an offset in the gums can happen in any ethnic group. Other diseases in the form of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, Addison's disease and Von Recklinghausen's disease can cause a boost in melanin production. The gums can also darken when exposed to too much sunlight. Certain cosmetic procedures lighten and restore proper pigment to the gums.Learn more about Dental
Some of the causes of black teeth are foods and drinks, tobacco use, poor dental hygiene, diseases, medications and dental materials, according to MedicineNet. Genetics and excessive fluoride use are also possible factors.Full Answer >
According to HealthGuidance, causes of black spots under the tongue include tongue piercings, hyper-pigmentation, excessive smoking and drinking, and oral cancer. Some of the causes are harmless, while others require medical attention.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, the causes of blisters or ulcers on the tongue are not always known, but they can be due to stress or injury. Other causes include a sharp tooth or ill-fitting dental appliances.Full Answer >
Pain in the gums from eating usually comes from a condition called stomatitis, in which inflammation and soreness occurs in the mouth, specifically with gum disease. In many cases, gum disease starts as gingivitis and then progresses to periodontal disease, but other factors may contribute to soreness in the gums, notes WebMD.Full Answer >