Bumps on the gums are commonly caused by canker sores, injuries, abscesses or infections, according to MedicineNet. Pregnant women may develop masses on their gums called pyogenic granulomas or granuloma gravidarums as a result of hormonal fluctuations. In rare cases, gum growths are caused by oral cancers or jaw tumors.Know More
It is important to have abnormal growths in the mouth inspected and diagnosed by a doctor or dentist, notes Merck Manuals. In some cases, it may be necessary to remove a lump with surgery. These growths can come back if the source of their irritation is not also treated. Persistent lumps are at risk of developing into atypical cells and forming cancer, but this is quite rare.
If a lump on the gums is painful and appears to be filled with pus, it is possible that the growth is a simple abscess, according to WebMD. They commonly stem from untreated cavities that experience an overgrowth of bacteria and develop into inflammatory infections. This type of activity is often linked to poor oral hygiene and a lack of frequent flossing or brushing. If left untreated, an abscess continues to grow and can spread into the jaw, causing a very painful infection. Abscesses must be tended to as soon as possible, and are most likely to require antibiotics for treatment.Learn more in Pain & Symptoms
Pale gums can be caused by anemia, according to WebMD. Because the body either lacks sufficient red blood cells or sufficient hemoglobin, it fails to receive sufficient oxygen, causing the skin to turn pale. The increased paleness is particularly prominent in the gums, nail beds and inner eyelids.Full Answer >
Small white bumps on the roof of the mouth may be caused by thrush, a condition created by an overabundance of the fungus candida. Candida is commonly known as yeast, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
A small white bump on a person's gum is most often due to an injury of the gum or is a canker sore; however, in rare cases the bump could be due to an abscess in the area or oral cancer, according to MedicineNet. Since the bump may be due to a serious cause, people should contact a health care provider with their concerns.Full Answer >
Conditions such as cancer and diabetes; use of tobacco and alcohol; increase in hormones due to pregnancy, menstruation, menopause and oral birth control pills; and mouth ulcers, gum disease, gingivitis and canker sores can cause sore gums, states HowStuffWorks. Good oral hygiene is important in avoiding gum complications.Full Answer >