Cervical stenosis can form at birth or result from medical procedures that collapse the opening of the cervix, such as radiation therapy, surgeries to treat dysplasia or endometrial ablation, according to Merck Manuals. It is possible for untreated cervical stenosis to cause endometriosis and pyometra.Know More
Cervical stenosis is especially problematic during a woman's menstruation when blood doesn't have an adequate exit point through the cervix and becomes backed up in the uterus, notes Merck Manuals. This can cause pain, uterine bulging, abdominal lumps, atypical bleeding or completely halt a woman's period. Cervical stenosis can make it difficult for affected women to get pregnant because the decreased opening size of the cervix does not allow sperm to enter the uterus.
Symptoms associated with the condition are likely to diminish once a woman enters menopause. Doctors may discover the condition when attempting to perform a Pap smear or endometrial biopsy on a patient's cervix, according to Merck Manuals. Pain following a cervical surgery or irregular menstruation are also indicators that a woman has cervical stenosis. It's easy to diagnose the condition by trying to insert an instrument into the uterus through the opening of the cervix. In serious cases, cervical stenosis can cause pus to develop, which is also a symptom associated with cancer. Doctors are likely to obtain tissue samples to rule out the possibility of cancer.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy
According to Healthline and WebMD, a bump on the cervix can be a sign of a nabothian cyst, a cervical polyp or cervical cancer. Nabothian cysts are mucus-filled sacs that grow on the cervix wall and do not usually pose a health risk. Cervical polyps, growths that develop on the cervix, are usually benign and do not require treatment. Cervical cancer, however, which may pose a serious life risk.Full Answer >
Sexually transmitted disease, yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis, menopause, low hormone levels and chemical irritation are all potential causes of an itching sensation in the cervix, per MedLine Plus. In rarer cases, the itching can be caused by cervical cancer or a skin condition.Full Answer >
A small cervix, sometimes called a "short" cervix, refers to a cervix that is less than three centimeters long during pregnancy. According to BabyZone, the length of the cervix during pregnancy should be greater than or equal to three centimeters.Full Answer >
Cervical polyps, small tumors in the cervix, are removed surgically in a physician's office without pain medication, according to Healthline. Following that, the base of the polyp must be eradicated.Full Answer >