Cervical stenosis can form at birth or result from medical procedures that collapse the opening of the cervix, such as radiation therapy, surgeries to treat dysplasia or endometrial ablation, according to Merck Manuals. It is possible for untreated cervical stenosis to cause endometriosis and pyometra.Know More
Cervical stenosis is especially problematic during a woman's menstruation when blood doesn't have an adequate exit point through the cervix and becomes backed up in the uterus, notes Merck Manuals. This can cause pain, uterine bulging, abdominal lumps, atypical bleeding or completely halt a woman's period. Cervical stenosis can make it difficult for affected women to get pregnant because the decreased opening size of the cervix does not allow sperm to enter the uterus.
Symptoms associated with the condition are likely to diminish once a woman enters menopause. Doctors may discover the condition when attempting to perform a Pap smear or endometrial biopsy on a patient's cervix, according to Merck Manuals. Pain following a cervical surgery or irregular menstruation are also indicators that a woman has cervical stenosis. It's easy to diagnose the condition by trying to insert an instrument into the uterus through the opening of the cervix. In serious cases, cervical stenosis can cause pus to develop, which is also a symptom associated with cancer. Doctors are likely to obtain tissue samples to rule out the possibility of cancer.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy
According to WebMD, an abnormal Pap smear means that some of the cells on the cervix do not look normal. The causes for cervical cells looking abnormal can include human papillomavirus, bacterial or yeast infection or cervical cancer.Full Answer >
According to Healthline and WebMD, a bump on the cervix can be a sign of a nabothian cyst, a cervical polyp or cervical cancer. Nabothian cysts are mucus-filled sacs that grow on the cervix wall and do not usually pose a health risk. Cervical polyps, growths that develop on the cervix, are usually benign and do not require treatment. Cervical cancer, however, which may pose a serious life risk.Full Answer >
There are various natural methods used to help thin the cervix and prepare for childbirth, including relaxation, visualization, nipple stimulation, sex, homeopathy, walking and certain foods, according to OBGYN North. While there is little scientific evidence to support any of these methods, they are all widely used by women to help bring on labor and begin the process of thinning the cervix in preparation for delivery. See the doctor to check on progress.Full Answer >
When looking at a diagram of the female reproductive system from the front, the uterus is in the middle between the two fallopian tubes and above the cervix and vagina, according to WebMD. It is shaped somewhat like an upside-down pear.Full Answer >