MD Consult states that the most common reason people experience thickening of the colon wall is diverticulitis. However, edema, congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, infections, parasitic infestations and inflammation can also cause intestinal thickening.Know More
MD Consult explains that when the colon exhibits short sections of thickening, the cause is often some type of colon cancer. By contrast, inflammatory diseases usually cause long sections of the intestines to thicken. According to the Mayo Clinic, a common cause of intestinal thickening is Crohn’s diease. Patients with Crohn’s disease or inflammatory bowel diseases often develop scar tissue inside the intestines, which cause the walls to thicken.
The National Center for Biotechnology Information states that thickening of the colon is often observed during a CT scan for some other purpose. In a controlled study, approximately 40 percent of the participants were eventually diagnosed with some type of cancer after scheduling a follow-up colonoscopy. However, 28 percent of those who underwent the colonoscopy following the finding of a thickened colon did not have any significant disease.
LiveScience.com explains that people suffering from thickened colon walls may eventually experience a narrowing of the colon. When this condition, called a stricture, occurs, it can prevent the normal progression of feces through the intestine. If this happens, the intestine may form tunnels that connect with the skin or other organs. Such tunnels are called fistulas.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Bladder wall thickening is sometimes caused by a condition called interstitial cystitis. Interstitial cystitis produces inflammation and scarring in the bladder, which causes the lining of the bladder to thicken, explains Everyday Health.Full Answer >
Diverticulitis is caused by the development of weak sections of the colon that rip or tear while under pressure, according to the Mayo Clinic. The weakness is the result of the increased pressure required by the colon to eliminate feces.Full Answer >
To test for diverticulitis, a doctor orders blood tests and imaging studies. In some cases, a doctor also performs a digital rectal exam to see if there is a mass or any tenderness in the patient's pelvic area, states WebMD.Full Answer >
To manage diverticulitis, a doctor can prescribe a regimen of antibiotics that include a combination of ciprofloxacin and metronizadole, moxiflaxacin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for outpatient treatment, reports Medscape. For severe diverticulitis or if outpatient treatments fail, a person may need to be hospitalized. Treatment options can involve giving the patient antibiotics like ampicillin/sulbactam cefotaxime or levofloxacin, according to Medscape.Full Answer >