Some of the common causes of diminished breath sounds on a physical exam are heart failure, pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation. Reduced airflow from restrictive diseases such as fibrosis can also be a contributing factor, according to MedlinePlus.Know More
With heart failure, reduced breath sounds are caused by fluid overload. The physician will hear crackles in the lungs and a gallop when listening to the heart. In most cases, the individual will also have lower extremity edema, according to the Merck Manual.
If the cause is pneumonia, the physician will most likely hear crackles in addition to decreased breath sounds. The patient will most likely present with a fever, productive cough, difficulty breathing, and chest pain during inspiration or expiration, according to the Merck Manual.
When COPD is the cause of diminished breath sounds, people will most likely breathe with pursed lips and have poor air movement in the lungs, an increased chest diameter, and a cough that can either be productive or nonproductive, according to the Merck Manual.
Individuals with restrictive lung diseases will either have occupational exposure or a neurological condition. They will also exhibit diminished breath sounds caused by the inability to completely expand the lungs during inspiration, according to the Merck Manual.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms
When diagnosing muscular dystrophy, it is important for a doctor to perform a physical exam, consider the family medical history of the patient and perform the necessary tests, including a muscle biopsy, genetic testing, nerve condition tests and blood enzyme tests, according to WebMD. Different tests can be applied to determine the existence of particular strains of muscular dystrophy. For example, a muscular biopsy may be appropriate for diagnosing Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy.Full Answer >
Shortness of breath symptoms include chest pain, dizziness, cough, neck pain and a bloody sputum, according to MedicineNet.com. Swelling in the legs, water weight, extreme tiredness and wheezing are further symptoms, says Chemocare.com.Full Answer >
Shortness of breath can be associated with many different medical conditions, including lung problems, asthma, heart disease, COPD and obesity. A person should be concerned and see a doctor when shortness of breath occurs with other symptoms such as inflammation of the feet, fever, coughs, wheezing or lips or fingers that become blue, relates Mayo Clinic. A person should seek emergency medical attention if shortness of breath is very severe or accompanied bychest pains because this may be a symptom of a heart or lung problem.Full Answer >
Dizziness and shortness of breath after eating may be caused by postprandial hypotension, a condition that causes a sudden drop in blood pressure readings following food consumption, explains Mayo Clinic. Other causes of dizziness after eating are atherosclerosis, gastritis and foods that stress the digestive system, notes FoodPyramid.com.Full Answer >