According to WebMD, a distended gallbladder is most commonly caused by the blockage of the cystic duct, an outlet for the gallbladder fluids, by a gallstone. Swelling of the gallbladder can also occur without a gallstone, but this is rare and mostly occurs in people who are very sick from other conditions. If left untreated, chronic gallbladder swelling can lead to a thickening and hardening of the gallbladder walls.Know More
WebMD states that the distension of the gallbladder is also known as cholecytitis. The buildup of bile in the gallbladder when it is blocked causes swelling of the tissues and pain, and it opens the organ to infection. The pain of cholecytitis tends to be local to the upper left side of the abdomen, but it can radiate to the back or right shoulder blade. That abdominal area is often also tender to the touch or to any other increase in pressure, such as from a deep breath. Nausea and vomiting are common side effects of this condition.
Treatment for a distended gallbladder depends on the severity of the condition, according to WebMD. Careful rest, intravenous antibiotics and pain medication are often sufficient for mild cases. More severe cases require surgery, often to remove the gallbladder entirely.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
Diverticulitis is caused by the development of weak sections of the colon that rip or tear while under pressure, according to the Mayo Clinic. The weakness is the result of the increased pressure required by the colon to eliminate feces.Full Answer >
Gas and bloating are usually caused by swallowed air and gas that is produced in the stomach when food is being broken down. This is a normal condition and can occur to anyone.Full Answer >
Hemorrhoids are caused by increased pressure in the lower part of the rectum, as reported by Mayo Clinic staff members. Several factors increase pressure in the lower rectum, including obesity, pregnancy and adherence to a low-fiber diet.Full Answer >
Malabsorption syndrome occurs when a problem, usually caused by inflammation, disease or injury, prevents the bowel from properly absorbing nutrients and fluids, according to Healthline. The condition also sometimes results from the body's failure to produce necessary enzymes for digesting certain foods.Full Answer >