According to WebMD, a distended gallbladder is most commonly caused by the blockage of the cystic duct, an outlet for the gallbladder fluids, by a gallstone. Swelling of the gallbladder can also occur without a gallstone, but this is rare and mostly occurs in people who are very sick from other conditions. If left untreated, chronic gallbladder swelling can lead to a thickening and hardening of the gallbladder walls.Know More
WebMD states that the distension of the gallbladder is also known as cholecytitis. The buildup of bile in the gallbladder when it is blocked causes swelling of the tissues and pain, and it opens the organ to infection. The pain of cholecytitis tends to be local to the upper left side of the abdomen, but it can radiate to the back or right shoulder blade. That abdominal area is often also tender to the touch or to any other increase in pressure, such as from a deep breath. Nausea and vomiting are common side effects of this condition.
Treatment for a distended gallbladder depends on the severity of the condition, according to WebMD. Careful rest, intravenous antibiotics and pain medication are often sufficient for mild cases. More severe cases require surgery, often to remove the gallbladder entirely.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
Symptoms of colon blockage include nausea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal swelling, inability to pass gas or have a bowel movement, and abdominal cramping. Because a colon blockage can lead to severe complications, people with persistent symptoms should seek medical attention immediately, as stated by the Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, a colon blockage, or a bowel obstruction, can be caused by a tumor, scar tissue or narrowing of the intestines. Bowel obstructions can occur in the small or large intestine, but they are known as colon blockages in the large intestine.Full Answer >
Treatment for an intestinal blockage varies based on whether the obstruction is partial or complete, reports Mayo Clinic. However, treatment usually requires hospitalization. A partial obstruction may resolve itself with the addition of a low-fiber diet, but a complete obstruction may require surgery or other forms of intervention.Full Answer >
The mainstay treatment for celiac artery stenosis is a surgical procedure in which the doctor removes or bypasses the constraining ligament that is causing blockage of blood flow from the celiac artery to the intestinal tissues, reports Baylor College of Medicine. Celiac artery stenosis is also called celiac artery compression syndrome or median arcuate ligament syndrome.Full Answer >